Veterans Day – A Holiday Honoring All Soldiers

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Veterans Day is an official United States holiday observed on November 11th every year. While Memorial Day remembers those who have died while serving in any of the branches of the U.S. Armed Forces — Army, Navy, Marines, and Coast Guard, Veterans Day honors all members of the armed forces, especially the living. As a U.S. federal holiday, government offices and schools are closed, and most people have the day off from work. Banks are also closed. If November 11th falls on a Sunday, then the holiday is observed on the following Monday.

退伍军人节是每年的11月11日,是美国的法定假日。阵亡将士纪念日纪念在美国武装部队(陆军,海军,海军陆战队和海岸警卫队)的任何分支机构中服役期间遇难的人,而退伍军人节则向武装部队的所有成员,特别是活人表示敬意。作为美国的联邦假日,政府办公室和学校都关闭,大多数人没有工作日。银行也关门了。如果11月11日是星期天,则在下一个星期一遵守假日。

The holiday was first observed after World War I, which ended On November 11 1918. It was called Armistice Day then and was more about celebrating the absence of war and honoring those that served in that one war. It didn’t become known as Veterans Day until 1954 after World War II and the Korean War, when there were many more members of the armed forces.

第一次世界大战结束于1918年11月11日,是第一次世界大战之后的纪念日。那时被称为停战纪念日,其目的更多是为了庆祝没有战争并向参加过那场战争的人们致敬。直到第二次世界大战和朝鲜战争之后的1954年,它才被称为“退伍军人节”,当时武装部队人数增加了。

Many restaurants offer free meals to veterans on the date. There is always a special ceremony at Arlington National Military Cemetery in Washington D.C. This ceremony involves a wreath being placed over the grave of The Unknown Soldier. Many major cities also hold parades on this date. The U.S. flag is usually flown at half-mast as a remembrance to those soldiers who have died and many ceremonies observe a moment of silence for the same reason. In Canada, the holiday is called Remembrance Day. One symbol of the day is the poppy flower. The red poppy flower is said to represent or be a symbol of the blood of soldiers. Many people wear or give out poppy flowers on the day.

许多餐厅都在当天为退伍军人提供免费餐点。华盛顿特区的阿灵顿国家军事公墓总是有一个特别的仪式。该仪式包括在无名战士的坟墓上放置一个花圈。许多主要城市也在这一天举行游行。通常,美国国旗是在半桅杆上悬挂的,以纪念那些阵亡的士兵,出于同样的原因,许多仪式都默哀片刻。在加拿大,这个假期称为纪念日。一天的象征是罂粟花。据说红色的罂粟花代表或代表着士兵的鲜血。那天有很多人戴或送罂粟花。

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