人教英语七年级上册Units 9-10

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重点短语

  1. go to a movie去看电影 2. learn about 了解
  2. on weekends 在周末 4. speak English 说英语
  3. play the guitar 弹吉他 6. play chess 下象棋
  4. be good with 与……相处很好
  5. help sb. with sth./doing sth. 帮助某人做某事
  6. play the drums 打鼓 10. play the piano 弹钢琴
  7. want sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事
  8. do Chinese Kungfu 表演中国功夫

重点句型

1.-Let’s go to the movies. –Sure. That sounds interesting.

  1. –What kind of movies do you like? –I like action movies.
  2. –Do you want to go to a movie?

–Yes, I do. I want to see an action movie.

  1. -Does he/she want to go to a movie?

-Yes, he/she does.  No, he/she doesn’t.

  1. I like thrillers and I also like action movies.

I like comedies but I don’t like documentaries.

  1. What kind of shows are scary?
  2. Who is your favorite actor?
  3. Let’s join the basketball club.
  4. What about you?
  5. -Which club do you want to join? -I want to join the art club.
  6. -Can you play the guitar? -Oh, yes. And I can play it well.
  7. Can you help the kids with swimming?

13.- What can you do?    -I can dance.

重点词语

  1. want的用法: 及物动词,后面可接名词,代词, 动词不定式,还可以用want sb. to do sth..

I want to go to a movie.   I want him to come to my birthday party.

  1. say, talk, speak tell的区别:

Say是及物动词, 强调说话内容, 后要跟宾语,但宾语只能是 “话”而不能是人.

What did he say about it?

He says, “Let me help you.”

Talk强调谈话的动作,不强调谈话的内容,可以和speak替换。后接to 或with sb 表示“与某人谈话”。 接about 或of 表示谈话的内容。

What are you talking about?      He’s talking to us about you.

Tell 后面接双宾语或复合宾语, 表示“告诉,讲述”。

Miss Gao often tells us English stories in class.

Speak强调说话的能力,方式和对象,不强调说话的内容。作及物动词用时后只接语言;作不及物动词用时后常接to sb或with sb表示“与……说话”,接about 或of,表示“谈到……”,speak也常作为打电话用语。

She speaks English very well.     He is speaking at the meeting.

I’d like to speak to you about my son.

冠词的用法

  • 不定冠词的用法

1.表示某一类人或某事物中的任何一个,经常用在第一次提到某人或某物时,用不定冠词起介绍作用,表示一个。

I am reading an interesting story.

There is a tree in front of my house.

2.代表人或事物的某一种类,强调整体,即以其中的一个代表一类。用来列举此类人或事物中的任何一个都具有某种能力或某种特征。

A horse is useful to mankind.        A bird can fly.

3.代表所属的类别,这种用法表示人或事物的身份、性质等。

My father is a doctor.

My wish is to become a teacher when I grow up.

4.用在事物的“单位”前,如时间、速度、价格等有意义的名词之前,表示“每一”。

We often go to school twice a day.

Take this medicine three times a day and very soon you’ll feel better.

5.用力指某人某物,但不具体指任何人或任何物,只说明大体情况。

A boy came to see you a moment ago.    I got this tool in a shop.

We need a car now.       She is ill, she has to see a doctor.

6.用于某些固定词组。

a few 几个     a little 有点   a lot of 很多

have a good time 玩得高兴  have a rest 休息一下

She has a few friends in this city.  There is a little milk in the bottle.

7.不定冠词的习惯用法。

英语中的很多习惯用法中都含有不定冠词,一般没有明确的规律可遵循,只能通过更多的积累和反复的实践才能牢固掌握。常见不定冠词的习惯短语归纳如下:

a moment ago 一会儿前  twice a week 每周两次

for a time 一段时间     in a while 一会儿后

in a moment 一会儿后   just a moment/minute 一会儿

after a time/while 一段时间之后

  • 定冠词的用法

1.特指某(些)人或某(些)事物,以区别于同类中其他的人或事物。

The bag in the desk is mine.   Is this the book you are looking for?

  1. 指上文中已提到过的人或事物或谈话双方都知道的人或事物。

I bought a book from Xinhua book-shop.The book costs 15 yuan.

Would you mind turning up the radio a little? I can’t hear it clearly.

3.表示世界上独一无二的食物(主要指各种天体及世界上比较有影响的物体)或用于自然界现象。

the sun太阳 the moon 月亮 the earth 地球 the sky  天空

the world 世界 the winter night 冬夜

I like to have a walk with the bright moon light in the evening.

4.定冠词与单数名词连用,表示这一类人或物。

The dog is not dangerous.

用法比较

A cat has sharp eyes at night.  Cats are loved by many people.

The cat can catch the mouse.  The cats here don’t like fish.

前三句中的a cat, cats, the cat 都可表示泛指意义的“猫”,但之间略有区别。a cat 突出强调这类事物中的任何一个;cats突出强调猫这一群体;the cat是与其他事物相对照而言的。第四句中的the cats 是特指。

5.定冠词与某些形容词连用,使形容词名词化,表示某一类人。

the poor 穷人  the rich 富人  the  wounded 受伤者

the sick 病人   the deaf 聋子

The new is to take the place of the old.

6.用在序数词、形容词最高级所修饰的名词前。

This is the biggest city in China I have ever visited.

He is the first to come and the last to leave.

7.用于表示具体的地点、方位、具体的时间或某天的一个部分等。

We have friends all over the world.

My parents live in the peaceful countryside.

8.用在演奏乐器的名称和文艺活动、运动场所的名称前。

The little girl likes to play the violin.

They are going to the cinema tonight.

9.用在报刊、杂志的名称的名词前。

I am reading the China Daily now.

Have you got the Evening Paper yet?

10.用在江河、海洋、山脉、群岛的名称之前。

We live near the Yellow River.

The Changjiang River is the biggest one in China.

11.用在姓名复数名词之前,表示一家人。

The Greens are very kind to us.  The Whites like the classic music.

12.用于某些固定短语中。

by the way 顺便  join the army 参军listen to the radio 听收音机 tell the truth 说实话   go to the cinema 去看电影

all the same 完全一样    just the same 完全一样

with the help of 在…的帮助下

on/over/through the radio 从收音机上

  • 不用冠词的用法

1.专有名词、抽象名词和物质名词之前一般不用冠词。

I think water is a kind of food , too.     Money is not everything.

2.表示日常餐食名词之前不用冠词。

It’s time for breakfast.          What do you have for lunch?

用法点津:

  • 如果指具体的饮食词前用定冠词the。

The dinner I had at that restaurant was expensive.

  • 当三餐前有形容词修饰时常加不定冠词。

We had a rich lunch yesterday.

3.在季节、月份、星期、节日、球类运动、棋类游戏的名词之前不用冠词。

Summer is hot and winter is cold here. New Year’s Day is coming.

Today is the first day of May.

Do you like to play football or baseball?

4.在集体的学科、各种语言前不用冠词。

Can you speak English?    It’s difficult to learn Physics well.

5.在家庭、单位、某一组织中处于独一无二的地位或职位时,一般不用冠词。

Mr. Smith, head of the group, will plan for the whole trip.

I usually help my Dad on the farm on Sundays.

6.名词前如果出现this, that, this, my, Jane’s, some, any等限定词时,其前不能再加冠词。

This is my address.          His camera is like mine.

7.某些固定词组不用冠词。

by air 乘飞机   on foot 步行    at night  晚上

after school 放学后 at home 在家   go to class 上课

in fact 事实上  from morning till night 从早到晚

练习:

  1. Tom Hanks is American actor.
  2. a B. an    C. the    D. 不填
  3. –Do you enjoy your stay in Hangzhou?

–Yes. I’ve had       wonderful time.

  1. / B. a     C. the    D. an
  2. –Ellen, you look so happy.

–Well, I’ve got       A in my history test.

  1. a B. an    C. the   D. /
  2. Millie has e-dog and its name is Hobo.
  3. a B. an     C. the   D. 不填
  4. —What’s this in English? —It’s  ruler.
  5. a B. the    C. 不填
  6. We’re going to have exam tomorrow.
  7. a B. an     C. the    D. /
  8. There is apple tree in my garden. It’s over ten years old.
  9. the B. a   C. an       D. 不填
  10. —What can I do for you?

—I want       orange blouse for my daughter.

  1. an B. the   C., a       D. /
  2. exciting news! We will have     long holiday after the exam.
  3. What a, an B. What, a   C. How an, the  D. How, the
  4. —Do you know lady in blue?
  5. the B. a      C. an       D. 不填
  6. —Excuse me, sir, which cup is yours? —  small one.
  7. / B. A      C. An      D. The
  8. history of this special Pacific island brought       unusual feeling to me.
  9. The, a B. A, an     C. The, an      D. A, a
  10. This is song I’ve told you about. Isn’t it     beautiful one?
  11. the, a B. the, the    C. a, a      D. a , the
  12. Look at skirt, I bought it for Mum on Mother’s Day. Isn’t it nice?
  13. a B. an        C. the        D. 不填
  14. —Mum, where is my MP3?

—It’s in       black box near the computer.

  1. a B. an       C. the         D. /
  2. —Who is man with glasses?

—Oh, he’s our new English teacher, Mr. Li.

  1. a B. an       C. the        D. /
  2. My brother studies in university.        university is very far from here.
  3. an, The B. a, The    C. the, A       D. a, A
  4. Could you tell me answer to this problem? I can’t work out it myself.
  5. a B. an       C. the         D. 不填
  6. People like to see films on TV instead of going to       cinema.
  7. the, the B. 不填, the   C. the, 不填
  8. In the United States, Father’s Day falls on third Sunday in

      June.

  1. the, 不填 B. the , a    C. 不填,the   D. a, 不填
  2. —What can I do for you, madam?

—I want       orange skirt for my daughter.

  1. a B. the       C. an      D.不填
  2. —Did you do well in English exam?

—Yes, I got       “A”.

  1. the, an B. an, the    C. a, /     D. the, a
  2. —What are you going to be when you grow up?

—I hope to be       animal doctor when I grow up.

  1. a B. an        C. the      D. 不填
  2. —What’s the matter with you?

—I caught       bad cold and had to stay in       bed.

  1. a, / B. a, the      C. a, a      D. the, the
  2. —Did you see the football match last night?

—Yes, I’ve never seen       exciting match before.

  1. such a B. so a       C. such an   D. so an
  2. —How do you get home from ? By bus?

—No, I walk.      isn’t very far.

  1. school, The school B. the school, The school
  2. the school, School D. school, School
  3. My uncle isn’t old man, and he likes playing     football.
  4. a, a B. an, an     C. the, the   D. an, /
  5. —How far is it from our school to seaside?

—It is       eight-kilometre walk from here.

  1. the, an   B. /, an      C. the, a    D. /, a
  2. —Have you seen pen? I left it here this morning.

—Is it       black one? I think I saw it somewhere.

  1. a, the B. the, the    C. the, a    D. a, a
  2. There’s dictionary on       desk near the window.
  3. a, the B. the, the    C. the, a     D. the, the
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