人教英语七年级下册Units 9-10

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重点句型

What did you do last weekend?

On Saturday morning I cleaned my room. On Saturday evening I went to the movies.

How was your weekend?  It was great.

Where did you go last weekend?  We went New York City.

Did your go to Central Park?  Yes, I did.

How was the weather?  It was humid.

一般过去时的用法:

1.过去某个特定时间发生,并且一下子就完成了的动作(即:非持续性动作),也可以表示过去习惯性的动作。一般过去时不强调动作对现在的影响,只说明过去。

I had a word with Julia this morning. 今天早晨,我跟朱丽亚说了几句话。

He smoked many cigarettes a day until he gave up. 他没有戒烟的那阵子,烟抽得可凶了。   一般过去时常与表示过去的时间状语或从句连用,过去时间状语如:yesterday, two days ago…(两天前)the other day(前几天),last week / year, in 1993, just now(刚才)、in the old days(过去的日子里) at that time, once, during the war, before, a few days ago, when引导的时间状语从句等。

句子中谓语动词是用一般过去时还是用现在完成时,取决于动作是否对现在有影响。如果句中带有确定的时间,只能用一般过去时,不用现在完成时。

Have you had your lunch? 你吃过午饭了吗?(意思是说你现在不饿吗?)

Yes, I have. 是的,我已经吃过了。(意思是说已经吃饱了,不想再吃了。)

When did you have it?  你是什么时候吃的?(关心的是吃的动作发生在何时。)

I had it about ten minutes ago.  我是大约十分钟以前吃的。

2.一般过去时谓语动词的构成:

(1)be(was, were)作谓语. 否定句是在was/were后面加not,was not(wasn’t) / were not (weren’t)。一般疑问句是把was / were提前并放到句首,首字母要大写。

肯定句:  She was at home yesterday.

否定句: She wasn’t at home yesterday.

一般疑问句: Was she at home yesterday?

(2)实义动词的过去式作谓语(不区分人称和数)

①肯定式:主语+动词过去式+其它。

如:They had a good time yesterday.

②否定式:主语+did not(didn’t)+动词原形+其它。如:They didn’t watch TV last night.

③一般疑问句:Did+主语+动词原形+其它?肯定回答:Yes,主语+did. 否定回答:No,主语+didn’t. 如:Did they watch TV last night ?  Yes, they did.  / No, they didn’t.

④特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+did+主语+动词原形+其它?

如:What time did you finish your homework?

  1. 动词一般过去式的构成

a.规则动词过去式的变化可速记为”直”、”去”、”双”、”改”四字诀。

①一般情况下在动词原形后直接加-ed。如:wanted,played。

②以不发音的字母e结尾的动词,去掉e再加-ed。如:hoped,lived。

③重读闭音节单词需双写最后一个辅音字母再加-ed。如:stopped。

④以辅音字母+y结尾的动词变y为i,再加-ed。如:studied,worried。

b.不规则动词变化,要逐一熟记。be动词过去式有两种形式,主语是第一、三人称单数形式使用was,其他人称用were。

注意:

1.在谈到已死去的人的情况时,多用过去时。

2.表示过去一段时间内经常或反复的动作,常与always,never等连用。

Mrs. Peter always carried an umbrella.彼得太太过去老是带着一把伞。(只是说明她过去的动作,不表明她现在是否常带着伞。)

比较: Mrs. Peter always carries an umbrella.彼得太太老是带着伞。

(说明这是她的习惯,表明她现在仍然还习惯总带着一把伞)

I never drank wine.我以前从不喝酒。(不涉及到现在,不说明现在是否喝酒)

3.如果强调已经终止的习惯时要用used to do

He used to drink.  他过去喝酒。(意味着他现在不喝酒了。喝酒这个动作终止了)

I used to take a walk in the morning.我过去在早晨散步(意味着现在不在早晨散步了)

4.有些句子,虽然没有表示过去确定时间的状语,但实际上是指过去发生的动作或存在的状态的话,也要用过去时,这一点,我们中国学生往往出错,要特别注意!

I didn”t know you were in Paris. 我不知道你在巴黎。(因为在说话时,我已经知道你在巴黎了。这句话指的是说话之前,所以只能用过去时表示。实际上,这句话暗指But now I know you are  here.)

I thought you were ill.  我以为你病了呢。(这句话应是在说话之前,我以为你病了。但是现在我知道你没病)

辨别正误:

Li Ming studied English this morning. (把此句变为一般疑问句)

1.Did Li Ming studied English this morning?(×,动词应该用原形)

  1. Does Li ming study English this morning?(×,时态应该用原句子的时态)

3.Was Li Ming studied English this morning?(×,应该用实义动词,而不是be动词)

4.Did Li Ming study Enghish this morning? (√)

写出下列动词的过去式:

1.go—______       2.do—_______        3.have/has—______       4.am/is—______   5.are—______       6.am not/isn’t—_______ 7.aren’t—________ 8.don’t/doesn’t—_______  9.study—______     10.play—______      11.see—______          12.get—______

13.come—______    14.eat—_____        15.drink—______        16.write—_______  17.stay—_______    18.take—_____       19.sit—______ 20.buy—________ 21.sell—_______     22.leave—______    23.meet—_______       24.read—_______

一般过去时态专项练习:

一.选择

(  )1.The two __________in the same class last year.

  1. are  B. was     C. were       D. be

(  )2.—Where______ you______ ?   —-I went to buy some food for supper.

A.are … go  B.did … go  C.do … go   D. will … go

(  )3.”Why ____ she ____ angry?” “Because he ___ at him just now.

  1. did… get, shouted B. has…got…shouted
  2. did… get… has shouted D. has…got…has shouted

(  )4.______ that worker ________in a shoe factory a year ago?

  1. Do, work B. Did, worked C. Did, work D. Does work

(  )5____ you _____ the film before ?  Where ____ you _____ it ?

  1. Have… seen… did… see B. Did…see…die…watch
  2. Have…seen… have… seen D. Did…see…have…seen

(  )6. __________your mother __________to work last Saturday?

  1. Did, go   B. Do, go    C. Does, go    D. Has, gone

(  )7.They________ not late the day before yesterday.

  1. did  B. were   C. are     D. do

(  )8._________ they away from school last October?

  1. Did  B. Were  C. Do    D. Are

(  )9. You ___ me waiting for two hours.  I ____ for you since five.

  1. kept…waited B. have kept…waited
  2. kept…have waited D. have kept…have waited

(  )10. ____you ____ the text yet ?  Yes, we ____ it two hours ago.

  1. Did…copy…did B. Have… copied…have
  2. Have… copied… did D. Did …copy…had

(  )11. I _____ that you _____ good care of her that day.

  1. thought…will take B. thought…would take
  2. think… will take D. think… would take

(   )12.The boys_______ only two subjects last term, but this term they_______ five.

  1. have, have  B. had, had  C. had, have  D. have had, have

(   )13. Mother ____ me a new coat yesterday. I ___ it on. It fits me well.

  1. has made…have tried B. made…have tried
  2. has made…tried D. made…tried

(   )14.They stopped here because they_____ the way to the station.

  1. didn’t know B. don’t know C. will know D. weren’t known

(   )15—Where _______ you find your ticket?  —-I __________it on the ground.

  1. did, found  B. do, found   C. were, find D. did, find

(   )16. Was he at work ______?

  1. now B. next week C. next Sunday  D. yesterday

(   )17.–I have seen the film Titanic already. -When ________ you ______ it?

–The day before yesterday.

  1. have; seen B. will; see C. did;see  D. did;seen

(   )18. We _______ trees last Sunday. So far we _____ over 3,000 trees there.

  1. planted;planted B. planted;have planted
  2. have planted;planted D. have planted;have planted
  3. 二. 填空

1.He ________(fight) the big man a moment ago.

2.He ___________ (hurt) his leg this morning.

3.I listened but ___________ (hear) nothing.

4.That old dead man always _____ (carry) an umbrella.

5.The little boy stood up, ______(look) around, and then _____(run) out of the classroom

6.She watches TV every evening. But she ____________ (not watch) TV last night.

7.-What time _______ you _______ (get) to Beijing yesterday?

-We __________ (get) to Beijing at 9:00 in the evening.

  1. What __________ (make) him cry just now?

9.Last year the teacher _____ (tell) us that the earth moves around the sun.

  1. Once upon a time, there ______(live) a happy farmer.
  2. There __________ not enough people to pick apples that day. ( be)

12.There _____ any hospitals in my hometown  in 1940.  ( be  not)

  1. There __________ enough milk at home last week, wasn’t there?
  2. Jack ____________ (not clean) the room a moment ago.
  3. How many people ________ (be) there in your class last term?
  4. It _____ (be) hot yesterday and most children ______ (be) outside.
  5. There ___ (be) a football match on TV yesterday evening, but I ___ (have) no time to watch it.
  6. Mum told me to buy some milk when I ______ to the shop(go)
  7. He _____(say) he would come to see me if he ______(have) time the next day.
  8. My mother_______ (pay) the bill.
  9. He used to smoke,______ he?
  10. On Saturday morning I _____(play) football.

23 .May________ (finish) her homework very late yesterday evening.

24.Han Mei __________ (bring) her pet to the park that day.

  1. I ______(think) you were ill.
  2. _______ you _________ (have) bread for breakfast this morning?

27.She hardly achieved A grades, _____ she?

28.The police ________ (stop) the car and _________ (catch) the thief just now.

29.The little Tom _______ (lie) under the umbrella last Saturday when the sun _____(shine)

30.Uncle Wang _________ ( come )into the room and _______ ( find ) something to eat.

31.Lily _______ ( study ) in the classroom for two hours and then _________ ( leave ).

32..Jimmy ______ ( do ) a lot today. He ________ ( go ) shopping and ________ ( cook ) supper.

33.The thief ______(steal) a woman’s purse and_____(run)away

34.What time _______ you _________ ( get ) to school this morning?

III改写句子

  1. Lucy did her homework at home.(改否定句)

Lucy ________ _______ her homework at home.

  1. He found some meat in the fridge.(变一般疑问句)

_______ he ________ _________ meat in the fridge?

3.She stayed there for a month.(对划线部分提问)

______ ______ _____ she _____ there?

4.There was some tea in the cup.(变一般疑问句)

_____ there _____ tea in the cup?

  1. I did some reading last night.(改为一般疑问句)

_____ you _____ ______ reading last night?

6.Han Meimei didn’t fly a kite, either.(变为肯定句)

Han Meimei ____ a kite , ______.

7.They found a bird in the tree yesterday.(改为反义疑问句)

They found a bird in the tree yesterday,  _________?

8.My mother had porridge for breakfast this morning. (改否定句)

My mother _____ _______porridge for breakfast this morning.

9.They cleaned the house last Saturday(对划线部分提问)

______ ______ they ______ last Saturday?

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