Do you have a basketball?
Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.
Let’s watch TV. No, that sounds boring.
That sounds great.
Do you like hamburgers?
Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.
I like French fries. I don’t like tomatoes.
一.名词的分类:名词分为专有名词和普通名词。专有名词指个人，地方,机构等专有名称. 如：China, Shanghai, Li lei。普通名词又分为个体名词: 某类人或东西中的个体.如fighter, gun, country, 集体名词:若干个体组成的集合体.如 family, team, police, class
物质名词：无法分为个体的实物。如 cotton, tea, air,
抽象名词: 动作, 状态, 品质, 感情等抽象概念. 如: health, happiness.
1.一般情况加s : books, mouths, houses, girls
2.以s，sh，ch, x结尾的es: classes, boxes, matches
3.辅音字母 + y结尾的变y为i,再加es: cities,countries, parties,factories
4.以o结尾的词多数+es heroes Negroes potatoes tomatoes
zeroes / zeros
以 o 结尾并且词尾有两个元音字母 +s radios, zoos, bamboos , (pianos ,kilos photos是特殊)
5.以f, fe 结尾的改f,或fe为v,再+es,例如:leaves, lives, wives knives, halves, wolves
The thief’s wife killed three wolves with some leaves and knives in half of her life.
但是,也有一些+s,如roofs, proofs, gulfs, beliefs,
handkerchiefs / handkerchieves
- man—men, woman—women, tooth—teeth, foot—feet,
2.单复数相同: sheep, fish, deer, means, Chinese, Japanese,
There are many kinds of fishes in that lake.
3.以man, woman 修饰名词构成合成词时,两个词都变化.
man servant—men servants(男仆). (boy/girl students)
woman doctor—women doctors.
There are two l’s in the word “ all ”.
It happened in the 1960’s /1960s.
I will not accept your if’s and but’s.
wheats, fruits, vegetables,有时表示更广的词义，
wood—woods, water—waters, sand—sands
7.定冠词加姓氏的复数表示一家人。 the Turners,
the Smiths, the Wangs.
8.集体名词people, police, cattle 总是作复数，
( people 作民族，种族时有单复数两种形式)
Many cattle are kept.
Several police were on duty.
The Chinese are a brave and hard-working people.
The English are a funny people.
9.集体名词class, public, family, population, team, crew, committee 等单复数都有，但意义不同。
The class is big.—- The class are taking notes in English.
The population in China is larger.—- 80% of the population
in China are peasants.
- hair， fruit 通常作单数，表示总体。
His hair is grey. a rich harvest of fruit
He had a few white hairs.
What fruits are on sale in this season ?
11.以s 结尾的学科名词只作单数。mathematics , physics, politics, 等。（news）
12.glasses， trousers， scissors， shoes， spectacles，等常用复数；但如果这些词前用 a pair of …// this pair of…//that pair of…等修饰时谓语动词有pair 来决定。
Where are my glasses ？
My new pair of trousers is too long.
Here are some new pairs of shoes.
a piece of news / information / advice / bread / cake / paper / meat / coal…
a bottle of ink, a grain of rice , a cake of soap…
- 三. 名词的所有格。
A.一般在词尾’s. the teacher’s office, Xiao Li’s sister’s husband’s mother.
- 以 s 结尾的复数名词只加’ workers’ rest homes. the masses’ request
children’s toys Women’s Day
D:复合名词只在最后一个词的后面加’s. my sister-in-law’s brother.
This is Tom, James and Dick’s room.
Jenny’s, Jean’s and Mary’s rooms face to the south.
a quarter of an hour’s talk.
Lei Feng’s dairy. the Working People’s Palace of Culture.
today’s paper. an hour’s drive. Friday’s work.
the country’s plan. the farm’s fruit. China’s population.
our Party’s stand（党的立场）
two dollars’ worth of books. a pound’s weight.
Ⅲ.凡不能用’s 属格的情况可用 of 属格表示所属关系。
the City of New York. a map of China.
the name of the girl standing at the gate.
Have you read the articles of the students who were with us yesterday.
a play of Comrade Li’s. some friends of my brother’s .
that performance of the teachers’ .
当of前面的名词有不定冠词、指示代词、疑问代词、不定代词或数词如 a, an, this, that, these, those, two, three, four, any, some, several, no, few ,another等修饰时，用双重所有格，双重所有格只用于表示人的名词并且都是特指的。
a poem of Lu Xun’s . a friend of his/hers .
Which novel of Dicken’s are you reading ?
some friends of my brothers’ .
the key to the door. keys to the exercises.
notes to the text answers to the question
tickets for the film//movie
a check for $1500. anyone else’s book.
the monument to the people’s heroes.
the entrance to the station//cinema
1—I feel tired. I have so much work to do and don’t have much time for myself,
–you should take ________i think.
A health B time C lesson D erecise
2–Ask the naughty boys not to manke any _______.
I can’t fall asleep.
A noise B sound C voice D singing
3.During Christams people get together and sing Christams songs for ________
A thanks B wishes C interest D fun
4.we have _________at seven in the morning.
A breakfast B lunch C supper D dinner
5 –Please give me a____ when you arrive.
–OK. I’ll tell everything as soon as I get there.
A hand B present C ring D ride
6.We watch evening news on Channel I of ______at 7:00 in the evering .
A.MTV B CAAC C.CCTV D. WTO
7—Can you tell me when ________is ?
—Yes. It’s on the third Sunday in June.
A Mother’s Day B.Father’s Day
- Tree Planthing Day D .Thanksgiving Day
8.Where is Tom ? He’s left a ________ saying that he has something important to do .
A excuse B sentence C message D news
9 If you want to know the meaning of a word ,you can look it up in a _________.
A diary B diagram C newspaper D dictionary
10.The waiter or the waitress usually gives us a ______ before we order dishes in a restaurant.
A menu B bill C list D form
11.Some ________are flying kites near the river
A child B boy C boys D childs
12.—What would you like to drink,girls?
A Two cup of coffee B Two cups of coffee
C Two cups of coffee D Two cup of coffees
13.My school is about twenty _________walk from here
A minute B minutes’ C minute’s D minutes
14.It’s _______bedroom . It’s clean and tidy.
A .Lily ang lucy B .Lily ang Lucy’s
C .Lily’s ang Luck D. Lily ang Luck’s
- They are those _____bags. Please put them on the bus
A visitor B visitors C visitor’s D visitors’
- A lot of stone tables and chairs are _____of the river and the number of them is growing _______
A on both side ,greater B on each sides ,more
C on both sides, larger D on each side , more
- I am thirsty. Would you bring me ______, please?
A some bread B some water C some cakes D some eggs
18.These Germans want to have some ______for supper, so they decide to catch________now.
- fish ,many B. fishes ,much C fish , much D fishes ,many
- The guide has some new ______.She can show them to us
A rice B food C jacket D pictures
20 I’m afraid that there is no ______for you in my car ,because there are already five people
A land B fround C room D floor