人教英语七年级下册Units 5-6

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重点词组

  1. wait for 等候,等待 2. talk to sb. 与某人谈话
  2. talk about 谈论 4. take photos 拍照
  3. have a good time 玩得开心, 过得快乐
  4. look at 看,朝…..看 7. look for 寻找, 寻求
  5. in order to 为了 9. be/come from  来自于

重点句型

  1. What are you doing? I’m watching.
  2. What’s he doing? He’s reading.
  3. When do you want to go? Let’s go at six o’clock.
  4. How’s the weather in Shanghai.? /

What’s the weather like in Shanghai?

It’s cloudy/windy/raining/sunny/snowing.

  1. How’s it going? Great/Not bad/Terrible/Pretty good.

现在进行时

一、现在进行时的用法

1.表示现在正在进行或发生的动作,常与now(现在), right now(现在), at the moment(现在)等时间状语连用。

We are listening to our teacher now.

2.表示现阶段(说话前后一段时间内)一直在进行的活动, 常与at present(目前), these days(这些天)等时间状语连用。

He is thinking about this problem these days.

  1. 表示按计划或安排要发生的动作。

(1)移动的终止性动词用于进行时,表示即将要发生。此类动词主要有come,go,run,leave,start,begin,arrive,return等。

When are you returning home?你什么时候回家?

(2)一些持续性动词用于进行时,表将来,表示说话者对对方将要做的事情的一种关心。

How long are you staying in Toronto?你将在多伦多呆多长时间?

二、现在进行时的构成及形式

肯定句: 主语 + be +现在分词 +…

否定句: 主语+be + not+现在分词+…

一般疑问句: be +主语+现在分词+…?

一般疑问句的回答: Yes, 主语+be的相应形式

No, 主语+am not/ isn’t/ aren’t.

特殊疑问句: 特殊疑问词(作主语)+be +现在分词+…?

特殊疑问词+be+主语+现在分词+…?

I am playing football now.   I am not playing football now.

-Are you playing football now?   Yes, I am./ No, I’m not.

What are you doing now?

动词现在分词的构成:

  • 一般在动词的词尾加-ing。 如:pour→ pouring
  • 以不发音e结尾的去掉e,再加-ing。 如:write→ writing
  • 以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节,先双写最后一个辅音字母,再加-ing。 如:begin→ beginning

:注意:lie→ lying     die→ dying    tie→ tying

prefer→ preferring

三、一般现在时和现在进行时的区别:

1.一般现在时表示目前经常发生,习惯性的动作,表示客观事实,表示主语目前的特征,姿势和能力等;而现在进行时则表示说话时正在进行的动作或现阶段正在进行的动作。

2.一般现在时表示“存在状况”时,常可采用表示状态的动词,如:be,keep,remain,stay,exist,have等,而这些动词一般很少用于现在进行时。

This rule remains to be discussed. 这条规定仍需讨论。

She has a strong accent of an American. 她带有浓重的美国口音。

3.以here,there等开头的句子,说明正在发生的动作,谓语动词不用进行时,而用一般现在时。

Look out!There comes a fierce dog. 小心,来了条凶狗。

Listen!There goes the first bell.  听,预备铃响了。

4.表示动作意义的动词,必须是习惯性的,经常性的动作或是一般性的行为才能使用一般现在时,而这种动词在现在进行时中则往往表示现在或现阶段正在进行的动作。

Light travels much faster than sound. 光比声音传播得快多了。

I sometimes work until dawn. 我有时工作到黎明。

5.有些词(如taste,smell,sound,look等)在一般现在时中是连系动词,而在现在进行时中则为行为动词。

I’m looking at the picture by Picasso. It looks really nice.

我正在看毕加索的画,它看起来太棒了。

The police dog is smelling the trace of the thief.

警犬正在嗅小偷的踪迹。

6.在时间,条件状语从句中,将来的动作须用一般现在时来表示。

If you fail again, I suggest you not lose heart.

如果你再次失败,我劝你不要灰心。

练习:

  1. –Excuse me, where is lily?

-Oh, she       the volleyball match on the playground.

  1. watches B. will watch   C. is watching   D. watched
  2. The summer vacation will begin next week. David to stay with us.
  3. will be coming B. comes   C. came    D. is coming
  4. –They about Super Voice Girl. Let’s join them. –Good idea.
  5. talk B. are talking    C. have a talk   D. talked
  6. Better go and ask him when he . We must see him off when he       .
  7. is leaving; leaves B. leaves; is leaving
  8. leave; left D. left; was leaving
  9. Jack is  a black jacket today.
  10. have on B. wearing  C. being in    D. dressing himself
  11. There a parent-teacher meeting this afternoon.
  12. is going to have B. is going to be
  13. are going to be D. is going to hold
  14. –Listen, what’s the noise?

-My brother       the program of the World Cup in the sitting-room.

  1. watches B. is watching   C. has watched    D. will watch
  2. –What are you doing, Mom?

-I       . Uncle Wang        to have dinner with us tonight.

  1. am cooking; is going out B. cook; goes out
  2. am cooking; is coming
  3. Who _____ over there now?
  4. singing B. are sing C. is singing   D. sing
  5. It’s eight o’clock. The students _____ an English class.
  6. have B. having C. is having  D. are having
  7. Listen! The baby _____ in the next room.
  8. crying B. cried C. is crying    D. cries
  9. Look! The twins _____ new sweaters.
  10. are wearing B. wearing C. are wear   D. is wearing
  11. Don’t talk here. Grandparents _____.
  12. is sleeping B. are sleeping C. sleeping   D. sleep
  13. Tom is a worker. He ___ in a factory. His sisters ____ in a hospital.
  14. work/ work B. works/ work   C. work/ works
  15. Who _____ English best in your class?
  16. speak B. speaks C. speaking
  17. Mrs Read _____ the windows every day.
  18. is cleaning B. clean C. cleans
  19. We _____ music and often _____ to music.
  20. like/ listen B. likes/ listens C. like/ are listening
  21. She _____ up at six in the morning.
  22. get B. gets C. getting
  23. On Sunday he sometimes ____ his clothes and sometimes ____ some shopping.
  24. wash/ do B. is washing/ is doing   C. washes/ does
  25. The twins usually _____ milk and bread for breakfast, but Jim _____ some coffee for it.
  26. have/ have B. have/ has    C. has/ have

二、填空:

  1. My father always __________(come) back from work very late.
  2. The teacher is busy. He __________ (sleep) six hours a day.
  3. Listen! Joan _________(sing) in the classroom. She often __________ (sing) there.
  4. __________ your brother __________(know) Japanese?
  5. Where __________ you __________ (have) lunch every day?
  6. The girl __________(like) wearing a skirt. Look! She __________(wear) a red skirt today.

三、写出下列动词的现在分词形式

work___________   sing__________     play__________  study__________    dance__________     have__________     write__________ take__________ run__________     sit__________        shop__________      swim__________

lie__________

四、写出下列动词的第三人称单数形式

work__________     read__________     clean__________     write__________     teach__________     wash__________     guess__________ watch__________ go__________     do___________  photo______  study__________     fly__________     cry__________     play__________

have__________

五、根据中文意思完成句子

1、学生们在干什么?有一些在打电话,另一些躺在沙滩上。

_____ _____ the students _____? Some _____ _____ on the phone, _____ _____ _____ on the beach.

2、“格林先生在看电视吗?” “不, 他在打扫房间。”

“_____ Mr Green _____ TV?” “_____, He _____ _____ the house.”

3、魏芳不是在读书,她在写信。

Wei Fang _____ _____ a book. She _____ _____ a letter.

4、今天天气怎么样?_____ is the weather today?   或_____ is the weather _____ today?

5、我正在通过收音机学 (learn) 英语。

I _____ _____ English on the radio.

6、这个老人每天早上六点钟起床。

The old man _____ _____ at six o’clock in the morning every day.

7、你从哪里来?Where _____ you from? 或Where _____ you _____ from?

我从美国来。 I _____ from America.  或I _____ from America.

将下列句子改成现在进行时

  1. Tom can speak Chinese.
  2. We have four lessons.
  3. I watch TV every day.
  4. She works in a hospital.
  5. Do you like this book?
  6. Kitty and Ben have lunch at about twelve.
  7. His father can help them.
  8. Danny, open the door.
  9. They watch TV in the evening.

10.What are you doing ?

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