人教英语七年级上册Units 3-4

0

复习要点

  • 介绍家庭成员

This/That is my sister/brother/mother…

   These/Those are my parents/grandparents…

   Is this/that your sister/brother…? Yes, it is./No, it isn’t.

   Are these/those your parents/grandparents…?

   Yes, they are.  /No, they aren’t.

   There are 3/4/5 …people in my family. They are my father, my mother,…and I.

2、关于方位介词或短语

表方位的介词或短语有:in,on ,under,behind,near,next to,in front of,across from,…

My book is on my desk, my pen is in my book…

   Where is the backpack/pencil…?  It’s in/on/under….

Where are the books/pens/balls…?   They are in/on/under….

3、把…带去给某人 take …to   e.g:Please take these things to your sister.

 把…带来给某人 bring…to   e.g:Can you bring my homework to school?

二、代词 ( 有两种:人称代词和物主代词。)
1、人称代词分为:第一、第二、第三人称,且有单复数之分。
2、人称代词的主格在句中做主语,一般用在动词前(疑问句除外);宾格在句中做宾语,多用于动词、介词后。
3、形容词性物主代词起形容词的作用,后面一定要跟名词,表示该名词是属于谁的。
4、名词性物主代词=形容词性物主代词+名词。如:
This is my bag. = This is mine.  That is her ruler. = That is hers.
一般看后面有没有名词,如有,就用形容词性物主代词;如无,就用名词性物主代词。
请牢记下表:

练一练:
1、按要求写出相应人称代词。
I(宾格)_____    she(形容词性物主代词)_______     we(名词性物主代词)_________    he(复数)_______     us(单数)_______   theirs(主格)______      its(宾格)   

 2、想一想,把下表补充完整。

3、用所给词的适当形式填空。
1)That is not _________ kite. That kite is very small, but _________ is very big. ( I )
2)The dress is _________. Give it to _________. ( she )
3)Is this _________ watch? ( you ) No, it’s not _________ . ( I )
4)_________ is my brother. ________ name is Jack. Look! Those stamps are _________. ( he )
5)_______ dresses are red. ( we ) What color are ______? ( you )
6)Show _________ your kite, OK? ( they )
7)I have a beautiful cat. ______name is Mimi. These cakes are ______. ( it )

8)Are these ________ tickets? No, ________ are not _________. ________ aren’t here. ( they )

9)Shall _________ have a look at that classroom? That is _________ classroom.( we )

10)_____ is my aunt. Do you know _____ job? ______ a nurse. ( she )
11)Where are _________? I can’t find _________. Let’s call _________ parents. ( they )
12)Don’t touch ______. _______ not a cat, _______ a tiger! ( it )
13)_________ sister is ill. Please go and get _________. ( she )
14)The girl behind _________ is our friend. ( she )

三、其他代词(有反身代词,指示代词,不定代词,疑问代词,相互代词和关系代词)

1、反身代词:表示某人自己的代词

人称             数 单数 复数
第一人称 myself ourselves
第二人称 yourself yourselves
第三人称 himself

herself

itself

themselves

反身代词在句中可作宾语、同位语、表语等,在使用时应注意它和它所指代的名词和代词在人称、性、数上的一致性。

Little Jimmy can dress himself now。

小吉米现在能自己穿衣服了。(作宾语)

The boy in the picture is myself,not anyone else。

照片上的男孩不是别人,正是我自己。(作表语)

I myself made the mistake about your address。

我自己把你的地址搞错了。(作同位语)

四、指示代词

指示代词是用来指示或标示人或事物的代词,表示“这个(些)”“那个(些)”,他们主要有:

               单    数          复    数
近指      this 这个       these 这些
  远指      that 那个       those 那些
  1. this, these往往指时间或空间较近的人或物;that,those可指时间或空间较远的人和物。

This gift is for you and that one is for your brother.

这件礼物是你的,那件是你弟弟的.(this近指,that远指)

I like these games but Idon’t like those.

我喜欢这些游戏,但不喜欢那些.(these近指,those远指)

  1. that,those常常用来代替前面已提到过的名词,以避免重复。those 代指复数形式,that代指单数形式。

The computer works faster than those we bought last year。

这些计算机比我们去年买的工作速度快。

The life in the country is more peaceful than that in the city。

乡村生活比城市的生活要安静。

对于上文中所提到的事物,英语中常用that或those表示,而汉语却常用“这”表示。如:

I had a bad cold。That’s why I didn’t attend the lecture。

我感冒了,这就是我为什么没去听讲座的原因。

Those are the DVDs you want。

这就是你要的DVD碟片。

订阅评论
提醒
guest
0 评论
内联反馈
查看所有评论
0
希望看到您的想法,请发表评论。x
()
x