人教英语七年级下册Units 11-12



1 What do you think of game  shows ?I  can’t stand them /I don’t mind them /

I don’t like  them/I love them

2 What does he/she think of sitcomsc? He/She doesn’t like it .

3 sports show /talk show /soap opera/game show/a thirteeen-year-old boy/welcome to /enjoy doing sth/think of

4 Don’t arrive late for class.  Don’ eat in the classroom  Don’t run in the hallways  Don’t  listen to music in the classrooms ot the hallways. Don’t fight.Don’t watch TV after school

Don’t go out on school night. Do your homework after school. Practice your guiter every day.

help my mom make dinner

5 Can we wear hats in school?Yes ;we  can /No,we can’t

Do you have to wear a uniform at schooll?Yes,we do /No,we don’t






Be quiet! 别说话!

Come earlier next time. 下次早点来。

Have a good time. 愿你玩得痛快。

Go and tell her. 去告诉她吧。

注:有时为了加强语气,可在动词前加 do。如:

Do be careful. 务请小心。

Do come on time. 务必请准时来。三、表现形式

  • 肯定结构:
  1. Do型(即:动词原形(+宾语)+其它成分)。如:Please have a seat here. 请这边坐。

有的祈使句在意思明确的情况下,动词可省略。如:This way, please. = Go this way, please. 请这边走。

  1. Be型(即:Be + 表语(名词或形容词)+其它成分)。如:Be a good boy! 要做一个好孩子!
  2. Let型(即:Let + 宾语 + 动词原形 + 其它成分)。如:Let me help you. 让我来帮你。
  • 否定结构:
  1. Do型和Be型的否定式都是在句首加don’t构成。如:Don’t forget me! 不要忘记我!

Don’t be late for school! 上学不要迟到!

  1. Let型的否定式有两种:“Don’t + let + 宾语 + 动词原形 + 其它成分”和“Let + 宾语 + not + 动词原形 + 其它成分”。如:Don’t let him go. / Let him not go. 别让他走。
  2. 有些可用no开头,用来表示禁止性的祈使句。如:No smoking! 禁止吸烟!No fishing! 禁止钓鱼!


祈使句否定式的构成方法是在动词原形前加 don’t。如:

Don’t be late. 不要迟到。

Don’t speak so loud. 别这么大声说话。

Don’t walk on the grass. 不要在草坪上走。

Don’t lose the key. 别把钥匙丢了。

Don’t come unless I telephone. 除非我打电话,否则你别来。

三、与 please 连用以使语气委婉

为使语气委婉,通常将祈使句与 please 连用。please 可用于祈使句的句首(其后通常不用逗号)或句末(其前通常用逗号)。如:

Please don’t get angry. 请不要生气。

Drive more slowly,please. 请开得慢一点。

Please cut me a piece of cake. 请给我切一块蛋糕。

Please try to be quiet. 请设法保持安静。

Please repeat what you’ve just said. 请把你刚才说的话重复一遍。

四、关于以 let 开头的祈使句

Let’s eat out tonight. 我们今晚出去吃饭吧。

Let me have a try. 我来试一试。

Let me show you how to do it. 我来告诉你怎样做。

Let every man do his best. 让每个人都人尽其才。

Let the meat cook slowly. 把肉用慢火炖。

注:1. 这类祈使句的否定式有两种形式。如:

Let’s  not  hurry. / Don’t  let’s  hurry. 我们不要太急。

  1. let 后用作宾语补足语的动词要用原形,不能用带 to 的不定式。


一、”let” 的否定句有二。如果宾语是第三人称用”Don’t let…..”(见例(9));如果宾语是第一人称,则用”Let……not” (见例(10)):

(9) Don’t let this type of things happen again.

(10) It’s raining now. Let’s not go out until after the rain.

二、”Let”只适用于现在时态,可以有被动语态 (the passive voice),如:

(11) Let the recalcitrant criminals be sent to prison.

(12) Let all the dedicated capable staff be promoted.

三、”Let”后头除了是不带”to”的不定式动词 (The infinitive without”to”)之外,还可以是某些适当的副词,如out, in, down, alone等:

(13) Let the puppy out.

(14) Open the windows and let the fresh air in.

(15) The room is too sunny. Let the blinds down.

(16) Let me alone, please.

四、用”Let’s”时,把谈话者的对象包括在内;用”Let us”时,并不包括对方,如:

(17) Let’s try it, shall we?

(18) Let us do it by ourselves, will you?

从(17)里的”shall we”和(18)里的”will you”,不难知道前者包括听话人,后者并没有。


1.在通常情况下,若陈述部分为祈使句,反意疑问句通常用 will you, won’t you, would you 等。如:

Turn on the TV, will you?把电视打开,好吗?

Tell me the truth, won’t you?告诉我实话,好吗?

If you want help, let me know, would you?如果你需要帮助,告诉我,好吗?

注:若陈述部分为否定式,则反意疑问句部分只用 will you。如:

Don’t forget to post the letter, will you?请别忘了寄信。

2. 若陈述部分为以 let 开头的祈使句,则要分两种情况:

注意 回答Let”s~的反意疑问句句型时,肯定时用Yes,let”s.否定时用NO,let”s not. 祈使句变反意疑问句的方法:
a,Let’s表示说话人向对方提出建议,简短问句的主语用 we表示,问句用 shall we或 shan’t we 如: Let’s have a cup of tea ,shall we (shan’t we)
b,Let me或 Let us表示听话人提出请求,问句用 will you或 won’t you .
Let me have a rest , will you (won’t you )
如:Have a rest , will you
Stand up , will (won’t) you


1. If you are tired, _________ a rest.

A. haveB. having C. to haveD. had

2. _________ me go. It is very important for me.

A. Do let B. Let do C. Doing letD. To do let

3. He is not honest. _________ believe him.

A. Not   B. Don’t  C. To not  D. Not to

4. If you want to stay, let me know, _________?

A. will you   B. shall we   C. do youD. do we

5. Never come late again, _________?

A. will you  B. won’t you   C. do you   D. does he

6. _________ up early tomorrow, or you can’t catch the train.

A. Getting   B. Get   C. To get  D. Got

7. _________ in the street. It’s dangerous.

A. Not play  B. Not to play   C. Don’t play  D. Don’t to play

8. Please _________ me some money, will you?

A. lend   B. lending   C. to lend    D. be lend

9. The film is about to begin. Please _________ seated.

A. be    B. are    C. is    D. being

10. _________ the boxes. You may use them later.

A. Keep   B. Keeping   C. To keep   D. Kept


  1. 请照看好您的包。 ___________________.
  2. 让我们去学校吧! ___________________!
  3. 亲爱的,高兴点儿! ___________________!
  4. 不要把书放这儿。 ___________________.
  5. 不要让猫进来。 ___________________.
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