人教英语七年级下册Units 1-2

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重点句型:

1.Where is your pen-pal from?   He’s from Australia.

2.Where does she live?    She lives in Sydney.

3.What language does she speak?    She speaks English.

4.Is there a bank near here?

Yes, thre is. It’s on the Center Street.

5.Where’s the supermarket?   It’s next to the library.

6.Is there a pay phone in the neighborhood?

Yes, it’s on Bridge Street on the right.

语法:一般现在时

1.一般现在时用法

(1) 表示经常性或习惯性的动作,常与表示频率的时间状语连用。

比如: always, often, usually, every day / week / month / year, sometimes, on Sunday等

I leave home for school at 7:00 every morning.

(2)表示现在的状态。   I am a student.

(3)表示主语所具备的性格和能力。I like red.  I can spenk English.

(4)客观真理,客观存在,科学事实。

The earth moves around the sun.

Shanghai lies in the east of China.

(5) 表示格言或警句中。

Pride goes before a fall. 骄者必败。

★注意:此用法如果出现在宾语从句中,即使主句是过去时,从句谓语也要用一般现在时。

例:Columbus proved that the earth is round..哥伦布证实地球是圆的.

2.一般现在时谓语动词的构成主要有两种情况:

(1)be动词作谓语:句子的谓语动词只有be(am,is或are):

a.肯定句中,只出现be, 如:I am a student.我是一名学生。

b.否定句中,要在be后面加not,如:She isn’t a teacher.

c.一般疑问句,要将be放在句子开头(注意首字母大写,句尾用问号),答语用Yes,主语+be.或No,主语+be+not.如:

—Are you ready?—你准备好了吗?

—Yes,I am. (—No,I’m not.)

(2)实义动词作谓语:句中的谓语动词为实义动词(也叫行为动词)

a.肯定句中,只出现实义动词,如:I get up at 6:00 in the morning.

注意:如果主语是单数的第三人称,谓语动词必须用单数第三人称形式(简称:单三式, 动词变单三式的规则如下附录))

b.否定句中,要在实义动词前面加do / does+not+行为动词原形,(doesn’t,仅对主语是第三人称单数)

如:I don’t like vegetables.我不喜欢蔬菜。

My father doesn’t like Beijing Opera. 我父亲不喜欢京剧。

c.一般疑问句,要在句子开头加助动词Do/Does,句尾用问号,

简略答语用Yes,主语+do / does.或No,主语+do / does+not.

如:—Do you like oranges?

—Yes,I do. (—No,I don’t.)

附录:实义动词作谓语时,如果主语是第三人称单数,谓语动词单三式的变化规则如下:

 1.一般情况加s,例如:looks, listens, visits

  1. 以ch, sh, s, x或o结尾的词,加-es,例如:teaches, washes, guesses, goes, does
  2. 辅音字母+y结尾,变y为i再加-es,例如:carry-carries

(特殊:have 的单三式为has)

一般现在时用法专练:

一.单项选择.

1.Every year many foreigners ______ to China to learn Chinese.

A.have come   B.comes   C.came    D.come

2.—-Is your father a doctor?

—–Yes,he is. He ______ in Taiwan Hospital.

A.has worked    B.had worked    C.works    D.worked

3.—–I won’t go to bed until the TV play ______ over.

——You’d better not do that.  A.was  B.is  C.wil  D.will be

二.用括号内动词的适当形式填空。

  1. He often ________(have) dinner at home.
  2. Daniel and Tommy _______(be) in Class One.
  3. We ____________ (not watch) TV on Monday.
  4. Nick ___________(not go) to the zoo on Sunday.
  5. ______ they ________(like) the World Cup?
  6. What _______they often _______(do) on Saturdays?
  7. _______ your parents _______(read) newspapers every day?
  8. The girl _______(teach) us English on Sundays.
  9. There ________(be) some water in the bottle.
  10. Mike _______(like) cooking.
  11. They _______(have) the same hobby.
  12. My aunt _______(look) after her baby carefully.
  13. You always _______(do) your homework well.
  14. I _______(be) ill. I’m staying in bed.
  15. She _______(go) to school from Monday to Friday.
  16. Liu Tao _______(not like) PE.
  17. The child often __________(watch) TV in the evening.

三.按照要求改写句子。

  1. Daniel watches TV every evening.(改为否定句)

________________________________________

  1. I do my homework every day.(改为一般疑问句,并作否定回答)

________________________________________

3.She likes milk. (改为一般疑问句,并作肯定回答)

___________________________

  1. Amy likes playing computer games.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)

__________________________________________

5.We go to school every morning. (改为否定句)

_____________________________________

6.He speaks English very well. (改为否定句)

_____________________________________

  1. I like taking photos in the park. . (对划线部分提问)

________________________________________

8.Johncomes from Canada.   (对划线部分提问)

______________________________________

  1. She is always a good student. (改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)

__________________________________________________

  1. Simon and Daniel like going skating. (改为否定句)

_______________________________________________

四.改错(在错误的地方划线,将正确的写在后面横线上.

  1. Is your brother speak English? __________________
  2. Does he likes going fishing? __________________
  3. He likes play games after class. __________________
  4. Mr. Wu teachs us English. __________________
  5. She don’t do her homework on Sundays. _______________
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