The U.S. Federal Government

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The United States government is composed of three major sections. It is based on the Constitution of the United States of America that was put into effect in May 1789. The three parts of the U.S. Government are the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. Each branch works independently of the other two, and each has its own responsibilities. This system is in place to ensure that no branch can carry more power than the other. This is called the separation of powers, which was written into the Constitution.

美国政府由三个主要部门组成。它基于1789年5月生效的美利坚合众国宪法。美国政府的三部分分别是行政,立法和司法部门。每个分支机构独立于其他两个分支机构工作,每个分支机构都有自己的职责。该系统可以确保没有一个分支可以承载比另一个分支更大的力量。这被称为三权分立,已写入宪法。

The executive branch is the branch that most Americans are familiar with. It includes the president of the United States, the vice-president, and the cabinet. The president is the leader of the country and is the commander-in-chief of the U.S. military. The vice-president is the second-in-command and will act as president if the president dies, resigns, or is removed from office. The cabinet acts as agents of the U.S. President, and carry out the duties they are entrusted with.

行政部门是大多数美国人熟悉的部门。它包括美国总统,副总统和内阁。总统是国家领导人,是美国军方总司令。副总统是副总理,如果总统去世,辞职或免职,将担任总统。内阁是美国总统的代理,并履行其所负有的职责。

The legislative branch of government consists of the House of Representatives, and the Senate. Together they form the congress, which can levy and collect taxes, mint money, and establish federal courts. It can also declare war, and raise and support the army, navy, and air force to protect the country. The House of Representatives has 435 members, and the Senate consists of 100 senators, with two from each of the states. Any legislation, or new law, must be approved by both the House of Representatives and the Senate.

政府的立法部门由众议院和参议院组成。他们共同组成了国会,国会可以征税,收税,铸币,并建立联邦法院。它还可以宣战,并筹集和支持军队,海军和空军来保护国家。众议院有435名议员,参议院由100名参议员组成,每个州有2名议员。任何立法或新法律都必须得到众议院和参议院的批准。

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