一些关于wildcat的表达

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Today, we tell about the word wildcat.今天,我们说说野猫这个词。

Humans have always depended on animals. From the beginning of human history, wild animals provided food, clothing and sometimes medicine.人类一直依赖动物。从人类历史的开始,野生动物便开始提供食物,衣服和药物。

We may not depend as much on wild animals now. But we hear about them every day. Americans use the names of animals in many ways.我们现在可能不再那么依赖野生动物了。但是我们每天都听到有关他们的消息。美国人以多种方式使用动物的名字。

Many companies use animals to make us want to buy their goods. Automobile companies, for example, love to show fast horses when they are trying to sell their cars. They also name their cars for other fast powerful animals.许多公司利用动物来吸引我们购买他们的产品。例如,汽车公司在销售汽车时就喜欢展示快速的马匹。他们还以其他快速而强大的动物来命名他们的汽车。

Automobile manufacturers and gasoline companies especially like to use big cats to sell their products. They like lions, tigers and wildcats.汽车制造商和汽油公司尤其喜欢用大猫来卖产品。
他们喜欢狮子,老虎和野猫。

When Americans say wildcat, they usually mean a lynx, an ocelot or a bobcat. All these cats attack quickly and fiercely. So wildcats represent something fast and fierce.美国人说到野猫,通常是指猞猁、豹猫或山猫。所有这些猫攻击迅速而猛烈。所以野猫代表着快速和凶猛的东西。

What better way is there to sell a car than to say it is as fast as a wildcat. Or, what better way is there to sell gasoline than to say that using it is like putting a tiger in your tank.有什么比说它像野猫一样快的汽车销售方法更好的了。或者,有什么比说使用汽油就像在车上放老虎那样更好的销售汽油的方法了。

An early American use of the word wildcat was quite different. It was used to describe members of Congress who declared war on Britain in eighteen twelve.  A magazine of that year said the wildcat congressmen went home. It said they were unable to face the responsibility of having involved their country in an unnecessary war.美国早期使用的野猫一词完全不同。它用来描述在18十二年对英国宣战的国会议员。那年的一本杂志说野猫议员们回家了。它说,他们无法承担使自己的国家卷入一场不必要的战争的责任。

Wildcat also has been used as a name for money. It was used this way in the eighteen hundreds. At that time, some states permitted banks to make their own money. One bank in the state of Michigan offered paper money with a picture of a wildcat on it. 野猫也被用来作为金钱的名字。这种方式在1800个中被使用。当时,一些州允许银行自己赚钱。密歇根州的一家银行提供了带有野猫照片的纸币。

Some banks, however, did not have enough gold to support all the paper money they offered. So the money had little or no value. It was called a wildcat bill or a wildcat bank note. The banks who offered this money were called wildcat banks.然而,一些银行没有足够的黄金来支撑他们发行的所有纸币。所以这些钱几乎没有价值。它被称为wildcat bill或wildcat bank note。提供这种货币的银行被称为野猫银行。

A newspaper of the time said those were the days of wildcat money. It said a man might be rich in the morning and poor by night.当时的一份报纸说那是野猫钱的时代。它说一个人可能早上很富有,晚上很穷。

Wildcat was used in another way in the eighteen hundreds. It was used for an oil well or gold mine that had almost no oil or gold in it. Dishonest developers would buy such property. Then they would sell it and leave town with the money. The buyers were left with worthless holes in the ground. Today, wildcat oil wells are in areas that are not known to have oil.19世纪,Wildcat还有另一种用法。它被用于几乎没有石油或黄金的油井或金矿。不诚实的开发商会购买这些房产。然后他们就把它卖掉,带着钱离开小镇。买主在地上留下了无用的洞。今天,wildcat oil wells是在不知道有石油的地区。

Yet another kind of wildcat is the wildcat strike. That is a strike called without official approval by a union. During World War Two, an American publication accused wildcat strikers of slowing government production.另一类野猫是野猫罢工。这是未经工会正式批准的罢工。在第二次世界大战期间,一家美国出版物指控野猫罢工者降低了政府的生产速度。

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