仁爱英语八年级Unit 8

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U8T1SA
1 a Chinese Tang costume 一件唐装
2 so…that… 如此……以至于……,引导结果状语从句。
e.g. The room is so quiet that one can even hear a pin drop.
这房间安静得能听见一根针落地的声音。
注意:有时so…that…引导的结果状语从句中的that在口语中常省略。
3 show n. 展览,演出show v. 给……看,显示
短语:(be) on show 展出,陈列;show sb. around 带某人参观; show sb. in 带某人进来。4 on the second floor 在二楼

U8T1SB
1 so that 意为“以便,为的是”,引导目的状语从句。
2 M是medium(中等的,中间的)的缩写,Size S小号(S=small), Size L大号(L=large), Size
XL特大号(XL= extra large)。对型号提问:What size…? ……多大号?
3 perfect 可视为感叹词,在英语中,一些表示情绪的单词或词组可构成感叹句。e.g.
Wonderful! 太好了! Great! 太棒了! Oh, dear! 天哪!
4 such…that… 如此……以至于……,引导结果状语从句。
e.g. He told us such a funny story that we all laughed.

(后面是a,一定是用such a。。。,不能so a。。。)
他给我们讲了一个如此滑稽的故事,引得大家都笑起来。
such…that
与so…that的区别:so后接形容词或副词,such后接名词。但如果名词前有表示数量多少的形容
词many, much, few, little修饰时,则要用so,而不用such。
e.g. There were so few people on the street that the street seemed lonely.
街上没几个人,显得冷清。另外“such+a(n)形容词+名词单数”也可换成“so+形容词+a(n)+名
词单数”。
e.g. Mr. Miller is such a busy man/so busy a man that he can’t leave his office.
米勒先生是个大忙人,离不开办公室。

U8T1SC
1.Congratulations ! You opened your own clothing store.I hope you will succeed.
祝贺你!你的服装店开始营业了!我希望你取得成功。
Congratulations! 恭喜!/ 祝贺你!
congratulations “祝贺”,用于对别人取得进步或成功时表示祝贺。
own 自己的 succeed 达到目的;成功
2 open有多层含义。1)v.打开,开启;(商店、企业等)开业,其反义词为close。
2) adj.开的,开放的,反义词为closed。
3) n. 户外,野外,旷野in the open.户外
3.It’s important for you to help people choose suitable clothing.
帮助顾客挑选得体的服装对你来说是很重要的。
此句为形式主语it引导的固定句型:It is +adj. (for sb.) to do sth. 意为“做某事对于某人来说是 的”
4 appear在此处作连系动词,意为“显得,看来,似乎”,与seem同义,后接形容词作表语。5.I hope your business does well.我希望你的生意兴隆。
business 意为“生意,公事;职责”
6.Customers with broad waists will look good in dark or cold-colored clothes that will make them look slimmer.腰粗的顾客穿上黑色或冷色调的衣服看上去效果比较好,因为这种颜色的

衣服会使人看上去更苗条。

U8T1SD
1 The first types of clothes were made of animal skins. be made of… 由 制成(从表面可看出原材料)
be made from… 由 制成(从表面看不出原材料)
E.g:这张桌子是由木头制成的。The desk is made of wood.
纸是由木材制成的。Paper is made from wood.
2 People started to wear clothes so that they could protect themselves from the sun, wind, rain and cold. 人们开始穿衣是为了免受日晒、风吹、雨淋和寒冷的侵袭。
(1) protect 意为“保护,防护”,其后可直接跟名词或代词。
(2) protect …. from … 保护······免受……
3 But,nowadays, clothes do more than just keep us
warm.但是在当今,服装不仅仅是用来保暖的。
(1) more than 不只是more than 不仅仅,超过no more than 不过,仅仅
e.g. The boy is no more than five. 这个男孩只不过5岁。
not more than 至多,不超过
e.g. The boy is not more than five. 这个男孩最多5岁。
(2) keep us warm 使我们暖和
keep +sb./sth.+adj.保持…
keep 为及物动词,意为“使……,让……”。其结构是keep+宾语+补足语(补语为adj., v.-ing,
prep.等)。
4 As the saying goes, “You are what you wear”.正如俗语所讲:“衣如其人”。
saying “格言,谚语,俗语,名言”的意思。
e.g. There is a saying, “Practice makes perfect.”有句格言:“熟能生巧。”

U8T2SA

1 uniform n. (尤指军人、学生或警察飞行员等的)制服clothes n.
通常指身上的各种服装,包括上衣、裤子、内衣等。它是复数名词,不能直接与数词连用。
clothing n.
是物质名词,服装的总称,除衣服外还包括帽子、鞋袜等。没有复数形式。一件衣服要说 an article of cloth-ing。
dress n.
作可数名词时,指一件女服,连衣裙。dress作不可数名词时,指某种特殊服装,尤指在社交场合穿的衣服。evening dress 晚礼服

E.g:Can you tell me ? Who are you waiting for ? Can you tell me who you are waiting for ? Do you know? Where is he from ?
Do you know where he is from ? 3 look ugly on us 穿在我们身上会很难看
注意:on sb.穿在某人身上,in sth.穿着某件衣服。
4 depend on/upon sb./sth.意为“依靠”,依赖;取决于;由……决定。
5 It’s true that suitable uniforms can show good discipline. 合适的制服可以显示出良好的纪律,这是真的。

1) 本句是一个用it作形式主语的复合句,真正的主语是that从句,类似的用法还有:It is necessary/important/ well-known/possible/wonderful that …
意为“……是必要的/重要的/众所周知的/可能的/极好的”。
2) suitable adj. 合适的,适合的suitable for +名词,对……适合suitable to +动词,适合做某事
suitable for sb. to do sth. 对某人来说适合做某事
2a
◆ Could you tell me when you wear your uniforms?你能告诉我你们什么时候穿制服吗?
1、when 引导宾语从句时译为“什么时候”。如:
I don’t know when he will come. 我不知道他什么时候会来。(宾语从句)
2、when 引导时间状语从句时译为“当 时”。如:
Patients can find us easily when they are in need.
当病人有需要时,他们能够很容易地找到我们。(时间状语从句)
◆ And our uniforms may stop some people from doing bad things.
我们的制服可以防止一些人干坏事。
stop … from doing sth. = keep … from doing sth. 阻止,防止 干某事
〖知识拓展〗:
stop doing sth. 停止做某事(停止正在做的事情) 如:
Suddenly everyone stopped talking. 突然每个人都停下来不说话了。
stop to do sth. 停下(正在做的事)去做(另一件事)如:
We stopped to take pictures. 我们停下来去照相。

U8T2SB
1 Can you tell me what I should wear here? 你能告诉我这里我应该穿什么吗? what I should
wear是由what引导的宾语从句,在句中作宾语,意为“我应该穿什么”。宾语从句除了由that,
whether引导外,还可以由疑问词引导,并用陈述语序。
2 take off 1)意为“脱下(衣服),摘掉”,接代词时应置于take off之间,反义短语为put on.

2 ) 意为“( 飞机等) 起飞”。
3It is important to wear suitable clothes on every occasion.
(1) 本句型为:It is +adj.+(for sb.) to do sth. ,it是形式主语,真正的主语是to do sth.
,意为“(对于某人来说)做……是……的”。可以与It is +adj.+that … 句型转换。
(2) on every occasion 在每一个场合,occasion为可数名词。

U8T2SC
1. Firefighters wear special coats and helmets to protect themselves from heat and falling
ceilings.消防人员穿特殊服装和戴头盔是为了保护他们自己免受高温和坠落的天花板的伤害。
(1)此句的“to + v.”意为“为了…” 是动词不定式作目的状语的用法。
E.g:我到北京去是为了参观长城。
I will go to Beijing to visit the Great Wall. (2)protect… from… “保护…… 免受 的伤害”
E.g:我们戴太阳镜是为了保护眼睛免受阳光的伤害。
We wear sunglasses to protect our eyes from the sun.
2 dress 1) n. 连衣裙,衣服
2) v. dress sb.(in sth.)穿衣服,给(某人)穿衣服be dressed in. 后接衣服或表示颜色的词。
wear, put on圴可表示“穿衣”,但wear表示穿的状态,put on表示穿的动作。
3 When we see airline pilots wearing uniforms at the airport,we believe that they know how to fly the
plane.当我们在机场看见航空公司飞行员穿着制服时,我们相信他们知道怎样驾驶飞机。

(1) when引导一个时间状语从句,在主句中又包含了由that引导的宾语从句,宾语从句中有一 个how to fly. 的“疑问词+动词不定式”结构。
(2) wearing uniforms 现在分词作宾语补足语,修饰airline pilots。
see sb. doing sth.看见某人正在做某事,表示动作正在进行。see sb. do sth.看见某人做过某事,强调动作的全过程。
e.g. I saw some children flying kites on the square.我看见一群孩子在广场上放风筝。

I saw him go into the post office.我看见他进了邮局。
4. So it’s necessary for us to know different uniforms in the daily
life.所以对于我们来说了解日常生活中的不同制服是有必要的。in the daily life 在日常生活中
U8T2SD
1 What people wear depends on their likes and dislikes.人们穿什么取决于他们的喜好。
(1) what people wear 在句中充当主语,谓语动词用单数形式。
(2) depend on=depend upon 依靠,依赖,随 决定,取决于。
(3) 句中的like是名词,意为“喜好,爱好”,反义词为dislike,通常用复数。
2 the same as 和……一样
3 People in Canada and the United States usually wear suits to work in offices, as well as for more formal occasions, just as people do in
China.加拿大人和美国人像中国人一样,不但在更正式的场合而且在办公室上班时通常也穿
西服。
as well as 还有,除 之外(也)。置于句中。

U8T3SA
1 watch the fashion show 观看时装展(表演)

2 And he said the fashion show was wonderful.并且他说时装表演很精彩。此句结构:主句为he said,宾语从句为the fashion show was
wonderful,中间省略了引导词that。在这个句子中,我们重点注意宾语从句的时态必须与主句呼应。
(1)
当主句中谓语动词是一般现在时或一般将来时,从句中的谓语动词不受主句谓语时态的影响
,可以按需要使用任何时态。如:
她说她要在他的桌子上留个便条。
She says (that) she will leave a message on his desk.
(2)
若主句是过去时,从句的谓语动词的时态要变成相应的过去时态,即一般现在时变为一般过 去时;一般将来时变为过去将来时;现在进行时变为过去进行时等。如:
①吉姆说他喜欢听音乐。
Jim said (that) he liked listening to music.
②玛丽告诉我她正在努力学习汉语。
Maria told me (that) she was working hard on her Chinese.
③他问他们什么时候去参观农场。
He asked when they would visit the farm.

2 There will be another one there tomorrow.明天那儿将举行另一场时装表演。
There will be…=There is/are going to be… 是there be句型的一般将来时结构,意为: 某地\某时将有……
e.g. There is going to be a football match in our school next week.
=There will be a football match in our school next week.我们学校下周将有一场足球赛。

U8T3SB
1 Here come the models. 一些模特走到这里来啦.

这是一个倒装句。一些由副词开头的句子,若主语是名词,为了强调副词,常用倒装形式。若
主语是代词,则不用倒装。这些常用的副词有here, there, in, out 等。There goes the bell. 铃响了。
In came a foreigner. 一个外国人走了进来。(名词放后面)
Here you are. 给你。(代词放中间)
2 The model in the center of the catwalk looks so beautiful.T形台中央的模特儿看起来真美。
in the center of the catwalk 是介词短语作定语,修饰the
model。介词短语作定语时,一律后置。如:
3 It’s a traditional dress for Chinese women, and it’s becoming popular in the world of high fashion.它是中国妇女穿的一种传统服装,而且它在高级时装领域内正逐渐流行起来。
(1) a traditional dress传统服装,traditional 传统的。
(2) in the world of… 在……领域 如:在足球界 in the world of football
1) become 是表示“变化”的系动词。其进行时态表示“正在……,逐渐……”。
2) popular adj. 有“流行的,大众喜爱的”之意。
popular 的缩写形式是pop。 e.g. pop stars 明星
3 Here come another three models, … 又过来三个模特,……
another 作形容词时,意为“又一个,再一个”,其结构为another + 单数可数名词=one more+单数可数名词
another +数词+复数可数名词=数词+more+复数可数名词 如:
Please drink another cup ( = one more cup) of tea.请再喝一杯茶。4 1)know意为“认识,了解,熟悉”,后面多接表示人的名词。
2) know about和know of的区别:
know of意为“知道(有),听说过”,后接表示人或事物的名词。know about意为“了解,知道……的情况”。
试比较:—Do you know Mr.White? 你认识怀特先生吗?—No, but I knew of him long ago.
And now I’d like to know about him.
不认识,但我很早就听说过他。现在我想了解一下他的情况。
U8T3SC

1. It got its name when China became known to other countries during the Han and Tang dynasties. From then on, people called Chinese clothes,”Tang
costumes”.唐装是因为中国在汉唐时期闻名于世而得名。从那时起,人们叫这种服装为“唐装”

(1) get its name 得名

(2) known
是know的过去分词,在这里作形容词,意为“大家知道的,已知的,知名的”。其用法类似于fam
ous, 常用结构:
become/be known to为……所熟知, be known for 因……而出名。
(3) from then on 从那时起
3 Today people can design the Tang costume as either formal or casual clothes.
现在人们既可以把唐装设计成正装,也可以设计成休闲装。
(1) design …as… 把 设计成 如:
设计师把这块布设计成一条漂亮的裙子。
The designer designed this piece of cloth as a beautiful dress.
(2) either… or…
或者……或者……,要么……要么 ,通常连接同等成分。连接主语时,其谓语动词的形式服从“
就近原则”,即取决于最靠近动词的那个名词或代词的单复数形式。如: Either he or I am right.
不是他对就是我正确。
Either I or he is right. 不是我对就是他正确。

U8T3SD
1 well-known 众所周知的…..
2 in the past 在过去
3 At one time, Japanese people wore kimonos for casual and formal
occasions.曾经,日本人在非正式和正式场合都穿和服。at one time 曾经,一度,相当于once。如:

at a time 一次,每次
4 Today, few people wear kimonos except on special occasions like marriages and national
celebrations. 如今,几乎没有人穿和服,除非在像婚礼或国家庆典这样的特殊场合。
except 除 之外(指从整体中除去一个或一部分,除去的人或物不在整体内。) 如:
(1) except 意为“除……之外”,侧重于排除在外,一般不放在句中。
e.g. The library opens every day except Sunday. 除了星期天,图书馆天天开放。(every day
和Sunday 都表示时间,是同类语)

(2) except for
意为“把某一点除外”,通常指所除去的和提到的并非同一类事物,可以放在句首。
(3) besides 意为“除……之外,还有”,除外的人或物也计入,相当于as well as, in addition to。
e.g. There were three other people at the meet-ing besides Mr.Dai.
除了戴先生之外,另外还有三个人出席了会议。

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