仁爱英语七年级Unit 1

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  • 元音字母: Aa Ee Ii Oo Uu

包含有以下元音的字母:

[e] Aa Hh Jj Kk          [i:]  Ee Bb Cc Dd Gg Pp Tt Vv      [aɪ] Ii Yy

[ju:]  Uu Qq   Ww      [e] Ff Ll Mm Nn Ss Xx Zz

  • 大小写

句首字母,人名,地名,称呼语,专有名词,星期的首字母要大写,引人注意。

  • Look!Is that Jane?
  • He comes from Hubei, China.
  • Wang, this is my mom.
  • What class are you in?

—I’m in Class Ten, Grade Seven.

  • On Sunday, we go to the West Hill for a picnic.
  • 问候语
  1. Good morning/ afternoon/ evening.
  2. Hello!/ Hi! —Hello!/ Hi!
  3. Nice/ Glad to see/ meet you. —Nice/ Glad to see/ meet you, too.
  4. Welcome to China/ my home. —Thanks.
  5. How do you do? —How do you do?
  6. How are you? —Fine, thank you. And you? —I’m OK.
  7. See you then/ later. —See you.
  8. Goodbye. —Bye.
  9. Thank you. —You’re welcome./ That’s OK./ Not at all.
  • 数字句型
  1. How old are you/ is he/ are they? —I’m/ He is/ They are eleven.
  2. What’s your telephone number? —It’s 4567967.
  3. What class/ grade are you in? — I’m in Class Ten, Grade Seven.(注意大小写)
  • 重要句型及短语
  1. What’s your name? —My name is Sally.
  2. Where are you from? —I’m from China.

Where do you come from? —I come from China.

  1. Where is he/ she from? —He/She is from Japan.
  2. What’s this/ that in English? — It’s a/ an……
  3. What’re these/ those in English? —They’re……
  4. How do you spell it? —E-R-A-S-E-R, eraser.
  5. Can you spell it? —Yes, M-A-P, map.
  • Be动词的用法
  • 我用am,你用are,is用于他、她、它,单数用is,复数就用are。
  • 含be动词的陈述句变否定句在be后加not,变一般疑问句将be提前。
  • 一般疑问句的肯定回答:Yes,人称代词+ be;否定回答:No, 人称代词+be + not。

如:They are teachers.

—-They are not teachers.

—-Are they teachers?

—-Yes, they are./ No, they aren’t.

  • (1)不定冠词a, an的用法:

a /an 都表示“一,一个”,a 用在以辅音音素开头的单词前,如:a book; a desk; an 用在以元音音素开头的单词前,如:an apple / an orange/ an English book;/ an English boy/ an old man;/an actor/ an English teacher/ an office worker.

(2)the是定冠词,表特指,单复数前面都可用

  • We are in the same class.
  • The girl in a pink skirt is Jane.
  • Where is the book?
  • This isn’t my bike. The blue one is mine.

(3) and 的用法

  • 数字相加看做单数: Two and three is
  • 颜色相加也是单数: Black and white is
  • 人和事物相加是复数:Lucy and Lily are  The pen and the eraser are Jane’s
  • 名词单复数
  1. 名词变复数规则

(1)规则变化

1)一般在名词词尾加–s,如:car—-cars; photo—photos; toy—toys; boy—boys

2)以s, x, ch, sh结尾的词,在词尾加—es,如:box—boxes; bus—buses

3)以辅音字母+y结尾,变y为i再加es,如:baby—babies; family—families

4)以fe结尾,变fe为v再加es,如:knife— knives

(2)不规则变化:

如:foot—feet; man—men; woman—women; snowman—snowmen;

  1. 集体名词:people, clothes, police, family
  2. 成双出现的名词:shoes, pants(trousers), gloves, eyes, ears

一词多义:An orange is orange.

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