仁爱英语七年级Unit 8

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Unit 8 Topic 1

I 重点词汇和短语

  • 重点词语:
  1. 季节词汇:
四季名词 spring summer Autumn / fall winter
四季特征 warm hot cool cold
四季色彩 green bright yellow white
四季活动 hike swim climb hills make snowmen
  1. 天气词汇:
天气名词 rain wind cloud snow sun fog
对应形容词 rainy windy cloudy snowy sunny foggy
  1. in spring / summer / fall / winter 在春天;夏天;秋天;冬天
  2. go climbing mountains / shopping / swimming
  3. quite = very 很,相当
  4. come back to life 复苏,复活
  5. 名词转化为形容词:hope – hopeful care – careful
  6. from December to February 从十二月到二月
  7. fall off 落下;掉落
  8. weather report 天气预报
  9. a hopeful season 一个充满希望的季节 the harvest season丰收的季节
  10. come after 紧跟其后
  11. get warmer and warmer 变得越来越暖和
  12. make dinner 做饭 make tea 泡茶              make faces 做鬼脸       make friends 交朋友

make wishes 许愿          make a mistake 犯错误        make a noise 制作噪音

make a sentence 造句     make sure 确信            make dumplings 包饺子

II  语言点

Section A

  1. 询问天气状况的句型What’s the weather like ……?=How’s the weather……?
  2. What’s the weather like in spring?

在表年、月、季节、上午、下午、傍晚的时间名词前用介词in

在具体日期、星期或具体某天的上午、下午、傍晚前用介词on

在中午、深夜、具体钟点前用介词at

如:in 2009,  in February,  in fall,  in the morning/afternoon/evening

on March 12th, 2009 ,  on Monday,  on tomorrow /Sunday morning,  on a rainy afternoon

at five o’clock,  at noon,  at night

  1. It’s a good season for flying kites.是放风筝的好季节 It is + adj.+ to do sth.

It’s a good time to climb hills. 是爬山的好时节     It is + adj.+ for doing sth.

It is good for helping others,帮助别人是很好的     It is +  n.+ for doing sth.

It is difficult to learn English well.学好英语是困难的It is +  n.+ to do sth.

  1. fly kite 放风筝 climb hills  爬山  make snowmen   堆雪人
  2. in spring/ summer/ fall/ winter不加定冠词the
  3. —Which season do you like best?      —-I like summer best.

同义句:—-What’s your favorite season?        —-My favorite season is summer.

  1. it’s hard to say很难说
  2. How’s the weather today?(同义句转换) _______  the weather ____ today?
  3. My favorite season is spring.(同义句转换) I ___ spring ____.
  4. I like swimming because it’s interesting.(划线提问) ____ __ you like swimming?
  5. It’s cold in winter.(划线提问)      ______ the weather in winter?

Section B

  1. 怎样询问天气? –What’s the weather like today — How was the weather yesterday?
  2. 天气的说法

sunny / cloudy / windy / foggy / rainy / snowy / wet / dry / very bright.

3.It’s nice and warm.天气挺暖和的。

在谈论天气时,有时用“nice/good+and+adj.”这一结构来加强语气。

注意:本句中nice and相当于very, 意为”很,挺“。如:nice and cool 很凉爽

4.Yesterday it was cloudy all day.昨天一整天多云

all day一整天,全天  all year全年  all week整个星期

5.I’m taking a walk with my parents.我正和我的父母散步

take a walk= have a walk= go out for a walk

  1. —-What’s the temperature today?询问气温的句型

形式一:—-The low temperature is -8℃ and the high temperature is 2℃.

形式二:—-The temperature is between -8℃ and 2℃.

Section C

1.If you go on a trip to Shanghai in August, what will you do?

如果你在八月去上海旅行,你将做什么?

(1)go on a trip外出旅行  go on 常与表旅行、远足、郊游、航海一类的名词连用

如:go on a picnic/holiday/visit去野炊/度假/参观

(2)在if引导的条件状语从句中,若主句是一般将来时,则从句用一般现在时表将来

简称为“主将从现”

  1. a) If it rains tomorrow(一般现在时), I’ll stay at home.(一般将来时)

如果明天下雨,我将呆在家里。

  1. If you plan to go for your holidays, you’d better find out the weather in different places in August.如果你打算去渡假,你最好弄清不同地方八月的天气状况

had better+ 动词原形   had better (not) do sth.最好(不)做某事

find out查明、弄清(情况)

3.The summer holidays are coming. 暑假就要到了。

此句是用现在进行时表示将来。在英语中, 有些动词的现在进行时可以表示将来, 这类词有go, come, leave等。如: He is leaving for Canada next Monday. 他下周一去加拿大。

  1. Is the weather in England different from that in Australia? 英格兰的天气与澳大利亚的天气不同吗?

代词that 在此指代前文中的the weather, 以避免前后重复。

如:Life today is much better than that in the old days.现在的生活比过去(的生活)好多了

be different from不同于……

  1. in most parts of China在中国的大部分地区 take an umbrella 带把伞去
  2. It’s the best time to go there.八月是去那最好时节。
  3. …,but later on, it may get fine again.…,但是随后,(天气)可能又阳光灿烂。

later on 后来, 以后

get在这里是系动词,意为“变得”,后接形容词。如:It is getting dark.天色变暗了。

  1. The sun shines brightly.阳光灿烂
  2. Of course, please remember to wear warm clothes. 当然,请记住穿暖和的衣服。

remember to do sth.意为“记住要去做 某事”

remember doing sth.意为“记得做过 某事”

  1. a) Please remember to close the door when you go out. 你出去的时候,请记得把门关上。

b)He remembered sending the letter。 他记得把信寄出去了。

forget to do sth.意为“忘记要去做 某事”

forget doing sth.意为“忘记做过 某事”

10.We arrived by train on Monday.我们在星期一坐火车到达的。

arrive at+ 小地点(车站、机场、村庄等)arrive in+大地方(国家、城市等)

reach+地点 reach Xianfeng  get to+地点名词  get to Xianfeng  get+地点副词 get home

11.…after that we came back to my aunt’s.之后我们回到了姑姑家

在’s属格后的名词是表示商店、家庭等地点时,常省略

at the doctor’s在诊所    at Michael’s在Michael家

12.I saw some old people singing Beijing Opera.我看见一些老人正在唱京剧

see sb. doing sth.看见某人正在做某事(看的时候,事件正在发生)

see sb. do sth.   看见某人干某事 (看见事情的全过程,或看见经常发生的事情)

Section D

  1. Many trees and flowers come back to life. 万物复苏。

come back to life复苏,苏醒,复活

如:To our surprise, he came back to life.令我们惊讶的是,他竟然醒了过来。

2.副词heavily, hard和形容词heavy常用来形容雨或雪下得大

snow/rain heavily; snow/rain hard          a heavy rain/snow

副词strongly, hard和形容词strong常用来形容风刮得大

blow strongly/hard                     a strong wind

  1. The farmers are busy harvesting. 农民们正在忙着收割庄稼。

be busy doing sth.“忙于干某事.”,还可表达为be busy with sth.

  1. a) I’m busy doing my homework. = I’m busy with my homework.我正忙于做家庭作业。
  2. Winter lasts from December to February. 冬天从十二月持续到(第二年的)二月份。

last在本句中用作动词,意思是“持续,延续”

如:The meeting only lasted for a few minutes.会议只持续了几分钟。

III 语法:形容词和副词构词法

(1)当表示天气状况的名词变为形容词时,通常在名词后加y.

如:rain—-rainy    snow—-snowy  cloud—–cloudy    wind—-windy

若是“一个原音字母+一个辅音字母”结尾的重读闭音节词,应先双写最后一个辅音字母,再加y

如:sun—-sunny    fog—-foggy

(2)形容词变为副词时,通常是在形容词后加ly。如:bright—-brightly

如果是以“辅音字母+y”结尾的单词,应先改y为i, 再加ly

如:happy—-happily

Unit 8 Topic 2

I 重点词汇和短语

  1. the summer / winter holiday 暑假;寒假
  2. talk about 谈论到,谈及
  3. holiday plans 假日计划
  4. want to go 想去

want to do something = would like to do something 想做某事

hope to do something 希望做某事 plan to do something 计划做某事

  1. around the country 环绕国家
  2. take pictures / photos of 给…照相
  3. the local people / food 当地人;当地食物
  4. places of interest 名胜古迹
  5. celebrate something with somebody 和某人一起庆祝某事
  6. get together with somebody 和某人聚会在一起
  7. go on a trip去旅游 make one’s trip 旅行 make a holiday 度假 go for a holiday 去度假

be on holiday = go on holiday 在度假           take a holiday = have a holiday 休假

  1. have a good time = have a great time = have a wonderful time = have a nice time = have fun 玩得很高兴
  2. on the beach 在海滩上
  3. tell somebody something about something 告诉某人一些事情关于某个事物
  4. the best time 最佳时间
  5. enter someone’s home 进入某人家里
  6. take off your shoes 脱鞋子
  7. go out 出去 go back 回去
  8. point to 指着
  9. eat with your left hand 用左手吃东西
  10. Muslin countries 穆斯林国家
  11. touch somebody on someplace 触摸某人的某个部位
  12. make the OK sign 做个好了的手势 24. arrive on time 按时到达
  13. a little later晚一点 26. pass something to somebody 传递某物给某人

二、重点句型:

II  语言点

Section A

  1. Michael, Jane, Maria and Kangkang are talking about their holiday plans.

talk about sth.谈论某事   talk with sb.与某人交谈    talk to sb.对某人说(找某人谈话)

holiday plans假日计划

  1. I wish to travel around the country and take some pictures.

travel around the country 周游列国  around the country=all over the country

wish 与 hope 的用法见Section D

  1. I hope to get together with them.我希望与他们团聚

get together with sb.与某人团聚/聚会

get together 动词短语,“联欢,聚会”       get-together名词,“集会”

  1. We all get together to have a family get-together.我们都聚在一起开一个家庭联欢会
  2. I’d like to visit some places of interest.= I want to visit some places of interest.

places of interest.名胜古迹

  1. plan to do sth.计划干某事 take pictures 拍照
  2. I hope you all have a good time. 我希望你们都能玩的开心。

hope后可接不定式或从句, 省略了引导词that。

a)I hope to see you tomorrow.

Section B

  1. What’s the best time to go there? 去那里最好的时间是什么时候?

It is the best time to do sth. 正是干某事的最好时间

  1. I think you can go anytime. (任何时候)

anytime意为“在任何时候,随便什么时候”

  1. You shouldn’t miss Xishuangbanna. 你不要错过西双版纳。

should, 情态动词, 意为 “应该”, 表示劝告, 建议、命令等。否定形式为“shouldn’t”。

  1. Is it expensive to travel there? 去那里旅游很贵吗?

it is + adj. + to do sth. 干某事是……的

  1. a) It is hard to learn English well.= Learning English well is hard.学好英语是困难的
  2. The weather there is always fine all year round.那里的天气全年都很好

all year round全年,整年

6.It sounds really interesting.听起来很有趣

sound“听起来”,在此处是系动词,后接adj.构成系表结构

interesting  令人感兴趣的,有趣的   主语是物,指某物本身有趣

interested   对……感兴趣的         主语是人,指人对某事物感兴趣

  1. I’m interested in this interesting book.我对这本有趣的书感兴趣
  2. You’d better take a camera, a pair of sunglasses, a map and so on.

had better (not) do sth. 最好(不)做某事

and so on 等等

Section C

  1. In Japan, when you enter someone’s home, you should take off your shoes.在日本,当你进入别人家时,最好脱掉你的鞋子

enter one’s room= go/ come into one’s home   进入某人的房间

take off  脱下,摘掉, (反义词为 “put on”),(飞机)起飞

  1. In Brazil, people never go out with their hair wet.

with+ n.+ adj.这一结构可以表示某种伴随状态

a)He always sleeps with the door open.他总是开着门睡觉

  1. In Indonesia, you mustn’t point to anything with your foot.

在印度尼西亚,不允许用你的脚指向任何东西

1)point to  指向(指向远处的事物)    point at 指着(指向近距离的事物)

2) must在此用作情态动词,意为“必须”,其否定式mustn’t为“不允许,不准”,含有告诫的意思。

  1. a) You mustn’t speak ill of others.

3) with your foot这一结构中,with表示使用某种工具。

  1. touch a child on the head 摸小孩的头
  2. Don’t wrap lucky money in white, blue or black paper.不要用白色,蓝色,黑色的纸包压岁钱

wrap sth. in … 用……包某物

lucky money = gift money压岁钱

  1. Pass something to old people with both hands.用双手给老人递东西

pass sth. to sb. = pass sb. sth. 给某人递某物

7.I went to Sichuan with my family during the May Day holiday.

在劳动节期间,我与家人去了四川

during 在……期间

Section D

  1. Greetings from New York.来自纽约的问候
  2. How much money do you make per month? 你每月挣多少钱?

make money= earn money挣钱

  1. Please give my love to your parents. 请代我向你父母问好

Please give my best wishes to your parents.请转达我对你父母的美好祝愿

  1. 4. hope/wish的用法

hope 和wish均可作动词和名词, 意为愿望, 因此常常译为“希望”。 wish一般侧重于表达不大可能实现或根本不考虑是否可能实现的愿望,因此常常译为“愿望”。 下面来分析一下它们的异同点。

★相同点:

  1. 表示“想、希望”,均可接动词不定式作宾语。如:

I hope/ wish to come tomorrow.    我希望/但愿明天能来。

  1. 均可与for 连用。如:

Let’s hope for the best.      让我们尽量往好处想。

He wishes for a dictionary.       他想得到一本词典。

★ 不同点:

1.hope 后面接宾语从句, 常常表示很有把握实现的愿望。

wish后面接宾语从句,常常表示一种不能实现的或很难实现的愿望。

如: I hope she won’t come this evening.   我希望她今晚别来。

I wish I could fly to the moon.      我真想飞上月球。

  1. hope后不能跟动词不定式(短语)作宾补。wish 可以,形成了wish sb. to do sth.结构。

如: The teacher wishes his students to come here.  这位老师希望他的学生们来这里。

  1. wish可以有wish sb. + adj.结构,而hope则没有此结构。如:

I wish you happy.  我祝你们幸福。

  1. 作简略回答时,hope 后可以用替代词so或not,而wish则不可以。如:

—Will it be sunny tomorrow?  明天会是晴天吗?

—I hope so. 我希望是。/I hope not.我希望不是。

  1. 作名词时,hope多用于“希望”。wish多用于“祝愿语”,且多用复数形式。

如:He didn’t give up his hope.     他没有放弃希望。

Best wishes to you!     致以良好的祝愿!

III 语法

1、掌握表计划、打算等句型的用法:plan to, want to, wish to, hope towould like to

1plan, want, wish, hope和would like这五个动词都是表示“计划、意愿或愿望”的动词,它们的后面常常接to + 动词原形”结构,此结构叫“动词不定式”,这里的to没有词义

  1. a) The girl wants to buy a new dress.
  2. b) I plan to go to London.

   2当句中有两个不定式并列使用时,通常只在第一个动词前加to, 后面不定式中的to常常省略.

  1. a) I wish to go there and take pictures.(省略了take前的to)

3“It + be + 形容词+动词不定式”,it在句中作形式主语,不定式作真正的主语。

  1. a) It is very expensive to travel there by plane.= To travel there by plane is very expensive

坐火车去那里很贵

2学习祈使句的用法

祈使句表示请求、命令、建议等,句子通常不带主语,谓语动词用原形,朗读时读降调。

1)祈使句有肯定、否定之分。肯定形式一般以动词原形开头,其否定形式是在谓语动词前加don’t

如: Put them away, please.        Be careful.

Don’t put them here.           Don’t be late for school.

2) 以let开头的祈使句常表示建议做某事。

其否定形式常为:Don’t let sb. do…或Let sb. not do…

如: Let him do that.      Don’t let him do that.

Let’s go.            Let’s not go.

3、特殊疑问句形式及回答

  1. 特殊疑问句词+was/ were+主语+其他

如:—How was your weekend, Jim?吉姆,周末过的如何?

— It was great.    好极了。

  1. 特殊疑问此+ did+主语+动词原形+其他?

如: —Where did you go yesterday? 昨天你们去哪儿了?

—We went to the zoo. 我们去动物园了。

注意:  如果特殊疑问句词作主语,其语序和陈述句相同。

如:  Who was at home just now?   刚才谁在家?

How many children played basketball last Saturday? 上周六多少个孩子打篮球?

Unit 8 Topic 3

I 重点词汇和短语

  • 重点词语:
  1. 节日名称:
The Spring Festival New Year’s Eve Lantern Day Tomb–sweeping Festival
春节 除夕 元宵节 清明节
Dragon Boat Festival Mid-autumn Festival Double Ninth Festival
端午节 中秋节 重阳节
Teachers’ Day Mother’s Day Children’s Day National Day
教师节 母亲节 儿童节 国庆节
Women’s Day Army’s Day Party’s Birthday Youth Day
妇女节 建军节 党的生日 青年节
April Fool’s Day Christmas Thanks-giving Day Halloween
愚人节 圣诞节 感恩节 复活节
  1. make dumplings 包饺子 3. perform lion and dragon dances 表演舞狮子和舞龙
  2. give each other presents 互赠礼物 5. dress up 盛装打扮,乔装打扮
  3. the most important 最重要 7. stay up 熬夜
  4. gaze at 观看 9. get dark 变黑
  5. have a family get-together 举行家庭聚会 11. prepare for 为…做准备
  6. go trick-or-treating 去玩“是恶作剧还是请客” 13. knock on 敲打
  7. play tricks on somebody 捉弄某人 15. enjoy doing something 享受做某事
  8. be in bed 入睡 17. send…to 把…送到…;寄…
  9. colored lights / candles 彩灯;彩烛 19. on Christmas Eve 在圣诞节前夜
  10. lunar May 5th 农历五月五 21. hold dragon boat races 举行龙舟赛
  11. eat rice dumplings 吃粽子 23. the birthday of China 中国的生日
  12. the capital city of China 中国的首都城市 25. Tian’anmen Square 天安门广场
  13. watch the national flag go up 观看升国旗 27. a seven-day holiday 七天的假期

II  语言点

Section A

1.perform lion and dragon dances舞龙舞狮    Thanksgiving感恩节

2.They often eat turkey and Christmas cakes and give each other presents.

each other 相互,彼此

3.people eat sweet dumplings for good luck.人们吃元宵求好运

dumpling 饺子 sweet dumpling汤圆   rice dumpling 粽子

good luck好运    bad luck晦气,霉运

4.People have parties and do not go to bed until midnight to welcome the new year

人们为了迎接新年的到来,聚会到午夜才睡觉

Not…until… 直到……才……

如:He didn’t go home until 12 o’clock at night.直到晚上十二点他才回家

  1. Many people believe Christ came back to life on East Day.许多人相信耶稣在复活节那天复活

believe sb.相信某人说得话   believe in sb.信任/信赖某人(相信某人的为人)

  1. I believe him, but I don’t believe in him.我相信他说得话,但我并不信任他。

6.Children and some young people play tricks on their friends.

play ticks on sb.对某人搞恶作剧,作弄某人

play jokes on sb.戏弄某人,与某人开玩笑

7.full moon满月  enjoy the bright full moon赏明月

Section B

1.Christmas is the most important festival in many countries.圣诞节在许多国家是最重要的节日

the most important是多音节形容词important的最高级形式,意思是“最重要的”。类似的有the most difficult/beautiful.

2.on December 25th 在具体某一天用介词on

  1. Before Christmas Day, people are busy preparing for it.圣诞节前,人们忙着为它做准备

are busy preparing …

be busy doing sth.=be busy with sth.忙于干某事

prepare…for…为……准备……      prepare for…为……做准备

prepare sth.准备好某物

a)The students are preparing for the exam。同学们正在准备考试(为考试做准备)

b)The teachers are preparing the exam.老师在准备考试(为考试做准备工作)

  1. go shopping 购物 go to church去做礼拜

5.Children put up stockings by the fireplaces or at the end of their beds before they go to bed.

孩子们在睡觉之前将长统袜挂在壁炉旁或放在他们的床头。

put up 挂起,举起,张贴   by 此处的意思是“在……旁”

  1. have a get-together聚餐 Merry Christmas!圣诞快乐

Section C

  1. People usually start preparing for the festival one month before it comes.

人们通常提前一个月就为节日作准备。

start preparing for ….    开始为……作准备

start后面常接 V-ing, 表示开始做某事。也可以说成start to do sth.   如:

They start to cook supper.=They start cooking supper. 他们开始做晚饭。

  1. They prepare delicious food, and clean and decorate their houses.

他们准备美味食物、清扫和装点房子。

prepare用作及物动词时:

prepare sth. 表示 “准备……”,后接名词或代词作宾语。

Our English teacher was preparing the lessons when I came into the office.

当宾语是食物之类的东西时,可译为 “制;做”。

Mother was preparing dinner in the kitchen while Father was watching TV.

  1. On the eve of the festival, the whole family gets together for a big dinner.

在节日(春节)前夕,全家人欢聚一堂,共享大餐。

on the eve of…在……前夕

the whole family 指的是“全家人”,表达的是珍上整体的概念,所以谓语动词用单数。类似的还有 the whole class, the whole school。

如: The whole school meets together once a week.

全校的师生每星期集会一次。

  1. People stay up and enjoy dumplings at midnight for good luck.

stay up熬夜

  1. lucky money =gift money压岁钱

6.Then we knocked on our neighbors’ doors and shouted,“Trick or treat!”

Trick or treat! 恶作剧还是请客

knock on/ at… 敲……

Section D

  1. People enjoy a one-day holiday.

a seven-day holiday    七天的假期      a five-year-old boy一个五岁的男孩

2.Lunar May 5th      农历五月五       the birthday of China 中国的生日

hold dragon boat races     举行龙舟赛   eat rice dumplings   吃粽子

3.In Beijing, the capital of China, many people go to Tian’anmen Square to watch the national flag go up.在中国首都—北京,许多人去天安门广场看升国旗

the capital of China 中国的首都       Tian’anmen Square  天安门

watch the national flag go up 观看升国旗

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