Passover – A Jewish Holiday of Remembering

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Passover is a Jewish holiday that remembers and celebrates its liberation from ancient Egyptian slavery as described in the Old Testament of the Bible. It is traditionally celebrated in the spring and lasts about a week.

逾越节是犹太节日,纪念并庆祝其从《圣经旧约》所述的古埃及奴隶制中解放出来。传统上,它是在春季庆祝的,大约持续一周。

According to the story in the Bible, God punished ancient Egypt with 10 plagues. The last plague killed Egyptian first-born males. Jewish people were told to mark their doors with lamb’s blood so that God would know to pass over these houses and not kill any first-born males inside. This is where the name of the holiday, Passover, comes from. After this last plague the Egyptian king, known as the Pharaoh, agreed to release the ancient Jews from bondage. The Bible story also says that the Jewish people left their homes in such a rush after they were freed that they didn’t have time to wait for the bread to rise. This is why at the commemorative Passover meal, Jewish people eat matzo, bread without yeast, also known as unleavened bread. The matzo and other foods are eaten at a special meal called a seder.

根据圣经中的故事,上帝用10次瘟疫惩罚了古埃及。上一次瘟疫杀死了埃及长子。犹太人被告知要用羔羊的血在门上做标记,以便上帝知道要经过这些房屋,而不要杀死里面的任何长子。这就是假期名称逾越节的来历。在上一次瘟疫过后,埃及国王法老王同意释放奴役的古代犹太人。圣经中的故事还说,犹太人被释放后,匆忙离开家园,以至于他们没有时间等待面包的增长。这就是为什么在纪念逾越节大餐中,犹太人吃发酵的面包,不含酵母的面包,也称为无酵饼。未加工的奶酪和其他食物是在特别的餐后食用的。

There are very specific rituals that happen at the Seder meal. These rituals are all in a book called the Haggadah. Inside the Haggadah is also the story of the Jewish exodus from Egypt. During the seder meal parts of the Haggadah are read aloud. The first part of the meal is a blessing over wine. The second part of the meal is the washing of hands. The third part of the meal is when someone dips some sort of vegetable in saltwater and then eats the vegetable. The vegetable symbolizes the humble origins of the Jewish people. The water symbolizes their tears. The fourth part of the meal is when three pieces of matzo are broken.

在Seder用餐时会发生非常特殊的仪式。这些仪式都在一本名为《哈加达》的书中。在哈加达里面,还有埃及犹太人流亡的故事。在餐后,大声阅读哈加达的部分内容。这顿饭的第一部分是对葡萄酒的祝福。用餐的第二部分是洗手。饭的第三部分是有人将某种蔬菜浸入盐水中然后吃掉的蔬菜。蔬菜象征着犹太人卑微的血统。水象征着他们的眼泪。这顿饭的第四部分是三块未发酵的面包被打破的时候。

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