One Country, Many Taxes

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Taxes are special fees charged by a government on the people who live in a country, state, or city. These fees help pay for public services like police, road and bridge repair, and public schools. In the United States people have to pay national, state, and local taxes. Income tax is a tax applied to how much money a person earns in a year. There are both federal and state income taxes. These have to be paid every year by April 15th. There are special forms the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), the government agency in charge of collecting taxes, asks people to fill out. There are tax credits that people with low income, college students, and parents can get. These credits could mean actually getting money back from the government. This money is called a tax refund. People can get both a federal and state tax refund. Anyone who works has to be taxed regardless of immigration status. Not paying income taxes could mean a fine or even jail time.

税收是政府对居住在某个国家,州或城市的人们收取的特殊费用。这些费用有助于支付公共服务费用,例如警察,道路和桥梁维修以及公立学校。在美国,人们必须缴纳国家,州和地方税。所得税是一种税,适用于一个人一年的收入。同时有联邦和州所得税。这些必须每年4月15日之前支付。有特殊形式的国税局(IRS)是负责收税的政府机构,要求人们填写。低收入人士,大学生和父母可以获得税收抵免。这些信用可能意味着实际上是从政府那里收回了钱。这笔钱称为退税。人们可以获得联邦和州的退税。无论移民身份如何,任何工作的人都必须缴税。不交所得税可能意味着罚款甚至入狱。

Payroll taxes are taxes that are taken right out of a person’s paycheck. There are federal and state payroll taxes. These include Social Security and Medicare taxes. Social Security taxes pay for the retirement and disability benefits received by millions of Americans each year. Medicare taxes pay for the federal health insurance program that covers the elderly and the disabled.

工资税是从一个人的工资单中直接提取的税。有联邦和州的工资税。其中包括社会保障税和医疗保险税。社会保障税用于支付每年数百万美国人获得的退休金和残障福利。医疗保险税用于支付覆盖老年人和残疾人的联邦健康保险计划。

People who own houses pay property taxes. The amount paid depends on how much the property is worth. This tax is usually paid once a year. Sales tax is a tax almost everyone pays. Sales tax is a specific extra percentage charged on nearly all purchases. Everything from soap to furniture has a sales tax attached when bought. The amount of the sales tax is different across states and cities.

拥有房屋的人缴纳财产税。支付的金额取决于房产的价值。该税通常每年支付一次。营业税是几乎每个人都要支付的税。营业税是几乎所有购买都收取的特定额外百分比。购买时,从肥皂到家具的所有物品都要缴纳营业税。各州和城市的营业税额不同。

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