The third Monday in January is an American federal holiday, Martin Luther King Jr. Day. It falls near the birthday of the civil rights leader, who was assassinated in 1968. King, a minister, became known for non-violently protesting the treatment of African-Americans in the United States and laws that discriminated against Blacks. Specifically, King protested segregation that separated blacks and whites in public restrooms, public pools, public schools, on buses, and at restaurants. King led many marches in the United States, especially in the South where segregation was especially practiced and enforced, and in Washington D.C. His march on Washington D.C. was perhaps his most famous one, where he gave the “I Have a Dream” speech.
1月的第三个星期一是美国联邦假日，马丁·路德·金（Martin Luther King Jr. Day）。它接近于1968年被暗杀的民权领袖的生日。金，一位部长，因在美国非暴力抗议非裔美国人的待遇以及歧视黑人的法律而闻名。特别是，金（King）抗议在公厕，公共游泳池，公立学校，公共汽车和饭店中将黑人和白人分开的种族隔离。金在美国，特别是在实行种族隔离和实行种族隔离的南方，率领许多游行。在华盛顿特区，他在华盛顿特区的游行也许是他最著名的游行，他发表了“我有一个梦想”的演讲。
On Martin Luther King Jr. Day, federal, state, and local offices are closed, including public schools and post offices. On the holiday many people participate in marches and vigils remembering Dr. King. Others use the day as a day of service and volunteer in their community by cleaning up garbage in a local park or serving food to the homeless. However, the holiday was controversial. Some states didn’t want to honor Dr. King and tried to rename the holiday or combine the day with another holiday.
Only two other people have a U.S. national holiday, Christopher Columbus and George Washington. Martin Luther King Jr. The day became a holiday in 1983 after pressure from civil rights activists and marches, similar to the ones King used to lead. Efforts to create a King holiday began the same year King was killed. The first state to recognize King Day as a holiday was Illinois. The last state to recognize the holiday was Arizona.
只有另外两个人有美国国定假日，克里斯托弗·哥伦布（Christopher Columbus）和乔治·华盛顿（George Washington）。小马丁·路德·金（Martin Luther King Jr. Day）在民权运动人士和游行活动的压力下（与国王以前领导的活动类似）在1983年成为假期。建立国王假期的努力始于国王被杀死的同一年。伊利诺伊州是第一个承认国王日为假日的州。有此假期的最后一个州是亚利桑那州。