Labor Day – A Holiday to Honor Workers

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Labor Day is observed on the first Monday of September. It is a holiday meant to honor the contributions, both economic and social, of U.S. workers. It has been an official federal holiday since 1894, meaning that government offices including post offices and schools are closed.

9月的第一个星期一是劳动节。这是一个假期,旨在表彰美国工人的经济和社会贡献。自1894年以来,这是一个官方的联邦假日,这意味着包括邮局和学校在内的政府机关都关闭了。

It is also widely thought that Labor Day was created as an alternative holiday to May Day. May Day, especially in the 1800s, had become a protest day, when workers marched to demand better rights and working conditions. There were often strikes that ended in violence. At the time, the U.S. government was afraid that May Day was being led by communists and was having a bad influence on workers. Some people feel September was also chosen since there are no other holidays between the Fourth of July and  Thanksgiving in November.

人们也普遍认为劳动节是劳动节的替代节日。劳动节,特别是在1800年代,已经成为抗议日,工人游行以要求更好的权利和工作条件。经常有以暴力结束的罢工。当时,美国政府担心“五一劳动节”是由共产党领导的,对工人产生了不良影响。有人认为也选择了9月,因为在7月四日至11月的感恩节之间没有其他假期。

On Labor Day there are usually parades in major cities around the country. Politicians and labor leaders make speeches and hold press conferences. Labor Day is also considered the unofficial end of summer. Many people celebrate Labor Day with trips to the beaches, picnics, and barbecues. Many towns and cities host fireworks on this day. Many people also take their last summer vacations around this time. Labor Day is also the beginning of the professional and college football season in the U.S.

在劳动节那天,全国主要城市通常都会游行。政治家和劳工领袖发表演讲并举行新闻发布会。劳动节也被认为是夏季的非正式结束。许多人通过去海滩,野餐和烧烤庆祝劳动节。这一天,许多城镇都放烟花。很多人也在这个时候休假。劳动节也是美国职业和大学橄榄球季的开始

Labor Day has also become an important retail holiday. Many stores have Labor Day sales to coincide with the start of the school year for many children in the U.S. This means that many store workers, while their holiday is being celebrated, have to work long hours.

劳动节也已成为重要的零售假期。在美国,许多商店的劳动节销售正好与学年开始时相吻合,这意味着许多商店的工人在庆祝节日期间必须长时间工作。

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