动词词形变化

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动词词形变化一览表:

(1)规则动词变化表:

 

 则变  原形动词结尾情况 现在时单三人称     过去式和过去分词
一般情况 +s +ing +ed
s,x,ch,sh,o结尾 +es +ing +ed
辅音字母+y结尾 yi,+es +ing yi,+ed
重读闭音节一元一辅结尾 +s 双写辅音字母,+ing 双写辅音字母,+ed
不发音的e结尾 +s 去掉e,+ing +d
ie结尾 +s iey,+ing +d
不规则变 havehasbeis (无) (见不规则动词变化表)

注意:①在加ing或ed时动词如果以“r”结尾,尾音节又重读的动词,“r”应双写。

s/es的读音规则:在清辅音后读[s];在浊辅音后和元音后读[z];在[ ]、[ F]、[z]、[tF]、[dV]后读[iz].

ed的读音规则:在清辅音后读[t];在浊辅音后和元音后读[d];在[t]、[d]后读[id].

(2)不规则动词变化表:原形  过去式  过去分词)

be(am,is)   was been   lose lost lost
be(are) were been   make made made
beat beat beaten   may might  
become became become   mean meant meant
begin began begun   meet met met
blow blew blown   mistake mistook mistaken
break broke broken   must must  
bring brought brought   pay paid paid
build built built   put put put
buy bought bought   read read Read
can could     ride rode ridden
catch caught caught   ring rang rung
choose chose chosen   rise rose risen
come came come   run ran run
cost cost cost   say said said
cut cut cut   see saw seen
dig dug dug   sell sold sold
do did done   send sent sent
draw drew drawn   set set set
drink drank drunk   shall should  
drive drove driven   shine shone shone
eat ate eaten   show showed shown
fall fell fallen   shut shut shut
feel felt felt   sing sang sung
find found found   sink sank/sunk sunk/sunken
fly flew flown   sit set set
forget forgot forgot/forgotten   sleep slept slept
freeze froze frozen   smell smelt smelt
get got got   speak spoke spoken
give gave given   spend spent spent
go went gone   spill spilt spilt
grow grew grown   spoil spoilt spoilt
hang hung/hanged hung/hanged   stand stood stood
have(has) had had   sweep swept swept
hear heard heard   swim swam swum
hide hid hidden   take took taken
hit hit hit   teach taught taught
hold held held   tell told told
hurt hurt hurt   think thought thought
keep kept kept   throw threw thrown
know knew known   understand understood understood
lay laid laid   wake woke/waked woken/waked
learn learnt/learned learnt/learned   wear wore worn
leave left left   will would  
lend lent lent   win won won
let let let   write wrote witten
lie lay lain        
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