Columbus Day –A Holiday to Remember an Explorer

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Columbus Day is observed on the second Monday of October in the United States, and in some other countries around the world. For a long time it was observed on a specific date, October 12. It is named after Christopher Columbus, the Italian sailor who led three Spanish ships to claim new lands in 1492. There is even a child’s poem remembering the date. It reads, “In 1492, Columbus sailed the ocean blue”. Some people say Columbus “discovered” North America, although not everyone agrees with this interpretation. For example, Columbus never landed on North America proper. He only got as far as to the islands in the Caribbean Sea.

美国和全球其他一些国家/地区会在10月的第二个星期一庆祝哥伦布日。很长一段时间以来,人们一直在10月12日的某个特定日期观察到它。它以意大利水手克里斯托弗·哥伦布(Christopher Columbus)的名字命名,他带领1艘西班牙三艘船在1492年夺取了新的土地。甚至还有一首儿女的诗都记着日期。上面写着:“ 1492年,哥伦布航行了蔚蓝的大海”。有人说哥伦布“发现”了北美,尽管并非所有人都同意这种解释。例如,哥伦布从未登陆过北美。他只到达加勒比海的岛屿。

Columbus Day has been a federal holiday since 1937; government offices, schools, and post offices are closed. Many Italians take the day as a day to celebrate their own ethnic heritage since Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy. Columbus’s explorations, however, were conducted in the name of Spain. Major cities, like New York City and San Francisco, host large parades. Some cities, like New York City, also hold a parade celebrating the Hispanic or Latino community.

自1937年以来,哥伦布日一直是联邦假日。政府机关,学校和邮局已关闭。自哥伦布出生于意大利热那亚以来,许多意大利人将这一天作为庆祝自己民族传统的一天。但是,哥伦布的探险是以西班牙的名义进行的。纽约和旧金山等主要城市举办大型游行。一些城市,例如纽约市,也举行游行庆祝西班牙裔或拉丁裔社区。

Not everyone thinks Christopher Columbus should be honored. Some states like South Dakota do not observe the holiday at all. Instead they call the day Native American Day or Indigenous Peoples Day. In Hawaii the holiday is also known as Landing Day or Discoverer’s Day. This is because European arrival in North America meant the loss of land and lives for many Native people. Many people hold protests or vigils on this day to remember the Native Americans that were killed or enslaved as a result of the European arrival. Another name for the holiday is “Dia de la Raza” which translates into English as Day of the Race.

并非所有人都认为克里斯托弗·哥伦布应该受到尊重。一些州,例如南达科他州根本不遵守这个假期。相反,他们将这一天称为“美国原住民日”或“土著人民日”。在夏威夷,该假期也称为着陆日或发现者日。这是因为欧洲人抵达北美意味着许多土著人民的土地和生命丧失。这一天,许多人举行抗议或守夜活动,以纪念由于欧洲人的到来而被杀或被奴役的美洲原住民。假期的另一个名称是“ Dia de la Raza”,它翻译成英文,称为Day of the Race。

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