Chanukah – A Holiday of Lights

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Chanuka, which can also be spelled as Hanukkah, is an 8-day Jewish holiday. It is known as the Festival of Lights, which celebrates the dedication of an ancient Jewish temple in Jerusalem thousands of years ago. According to the Hebrew, or Jewish Bible, a miracle took place then. A one-day supply of oil miraculously lasted eight days. The dates of Hanukkah always change, but usually occur anywhere in late November to late December.

Chanuka,也可以拼写为光明节,是一个为期8天的犹太节日。它被称为灯节,庆祝数千年前耶路撒冷古老的犹太庙宇的奉献。根据希伯来文或犹太圣经,当时发生了奇迹。一天的石油供应奇迹般地持续了八天。光明节的日期总是变化的,但通常发生在11月下旬至12月下旬的任何地方。

The main way people observe the holiday is by lighting a candle on a candelabra, a special candle holder with space for 9 candles on each of the 8 nights. This candelabra is called a menorah. Now there are also electric menorahs. Some people also use oil lamps. The 9th candle space is usually higher than the others and is lit every night. This 9th candle is there so that people can see the other candles they are lighting. So, two lights are lit on the first night, three on the second and so on. Some families have the head of the household light the candles. Other families share the responsibility. The menorah is supposed to be placed somewhere visible like in a window facing the street. The candles are supposed to stay lit for at least 30 minutes after it gets dark. There are also special prayers people say and holy songs are sung when the candles are lit.

人们庆祝这个假期的主要方式是在烛台上点燃蜡烛,烛台是一种特殊的烛台,每8个晚上可容纳9支蜡烛。这个烛台被称为烛台。现在也有电动烛台。有些人还使用油灯。第9个蜡烛空间通常比其他蜡烛空间高,并且每晚都会点燃。
这是第9条蜡烛,因此人们可以看到他们正在点燃的其他蜡烛。因此,第一个夜晚点亮两个灯,第二个夜晚点亮三个,依此类推。有些家庭的户主点着蜡烛。其他家庭分担责任。烛台应该放置在可见的地方,例如面向街道的窗户。蜡烛变黑后应该保持点燃至少30分钟。人们还说一些特别的祈祷,点燃蜡烛时会唱圣歌。

Schools and government offices are open for Hanukkah since the observances happen at night. Some families exchange gifts on each night of the holiday. Some foods traditionally eaten on Hanukkah include latkes, fried potato pancakes, and doughnuts. These and other fried foods are eaten because they are cooked in oil and remind people of the oil that lasted for 8 nights. Children play with a special four-sided spinning top called a dreidel.

由于庆祝活动是在晚上进行的,因此光明节的学校和政府办公室都将开放。一些家庭在假期的每个晚上交换礼物。光明节上传统上食用的一些食物包括马铃薯,油炸马铃薯煎饼和甜甜圈。之所以吃这些和其他油炸食品,是因为它们是用油煮熟的,使人们想起了持续了8个晚上的油。孩子们可以玩耍一种特殊的四面陀螺,称为陀螺。

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