初级英语语法:代词

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一、人称代词

人称主要为三种:第一人称“我,我们”,第二人称“你,你们”,第三人称“他(她),他(她)们”

人称代词分为主格人称代词和宾格人称代词。

1. 主格人称代词:

用法:作主语或同位语;

主语:We are students.  

同位语:We students should work hard. 学生应该努力学习。

 

考点:多个人称并列时的顺序:单数231,复数123

 

其它可表主格意义的人称代词:

1) one 不定代词,泛指包括说话人在内的所有人。

One should always try to help others. 人们应该一直尽力帮助别人。

2) we, you, they可用来表示泛指。

We/You should be patient. 人们应该有耐心。

3) She(her)用于拟人化,表示country, motherland, moon, earth, ship等。

 

2. 宾格人称代词

用法:作宾语、表语或同位语

宾语:

1)直接宾语 I gave her a call.

2)间接宾语 I gave a call to her.

上面两句话同意。 及物动词+间接宾语+直接宾语;或及物动词+直接宾语+for/to+间接宾语

3)表语: It's me.

4)同位语: Our teachers are all kind to us  students.

 

考点:宾格人称代词在动词短语中。 Take it away. 不能说Take away it.  

如果是名词,可放在动词短语中,也可放在末尾。 Hand on your paper.  Hand your paper on. 两种表述都可以。

 

二、物主代词

 

1)物主代词既有表示所属的作用又有指代作用,例如:

John had cut his finger; apparently there was a broken glass on his desk.

约翰割破了手指,显而易见,他桌子上有个破碎的玻璃杯。

物主代词有形容词性(my, your等)和名词性(mine, yours等)两种,形容词性的物主代词属于限定词。

名词性的物主代词在用法上相当于省略了中心名词的 –'s属格结构,例如:

Jack's cap 意为 The cap is Jack's.

His cap 意为 The cap is his.

1)名词性物主代词的句法功能

a. 作主语,例如:

May I use your pen? Yours works better.

我可以用一用你的钢笔吗? 你的比我的好用。

b.作宾语,例如:

I love my motherland as much as you love yours.

我爱我的祖国就像你爱你的祖国一样深。

c.作介词宾语,例如:

You should interpret what I said in my sense of the word, not in yours.

你应当按我所用的词义去解释我说的话,而不能按你自己的意义去解释。

d.作主语补语,例如:

The life I have is yours. It's yours. It's yours. 我的生命属于你,属于你,属于你。

物主代词的意思是物品主人的代词。

 

三、反身代词

一、反身代词的基本形式

反身代词是 oneself根据所指词的人称、性别、单复数等的变化可以有 myself, himself, herself, yourself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves 等形式。

二、oneself与himself

当one指人时,其相应的反身代词通常用oneself, 在美国英语中也可用himself:

One should not praise oneself [himself]. 一个人不应该自吹自擂。

三、反身代词的句法功能:

1. 用作同位语(加强被修饰词的语气,紧放在被修饰名词后, 或句末):

The box itself is not so heavy. 箱子本身并不重。

Mrs.Black herself is a lawyer. 布莱克太太本人就是一名律师。

You had better ask the driver himself. 你最好问司机本人。

Martin himself attended the sick man. 马丁亲自照顾病人。

Don’t trouble to come over yourself. 你不必费神亲自来了。

You yourself said so. / You said so yourself. 你自己是这样说的。

Never leave to others what you ought to do yourself. 不要把自己该做的事留给别人做。

2. 用作宾语(动词或介词的宾语):

Take good care of yourself. 好好照顾你自己。

He has a right to decide for himself. 他有权为自己做出决定。

He made no complaint for himself. 他没为自己抱怨什么。

The child can dress himself. 这孩子能自己穿衣服了。

She finally gained control of herself. 最后她控制住了自己。

She could not make herself understood. 她不能使别人听懂她的话。

Everybody here has the influenza including myself. 包括我在内所有人都患上流感。

The child cried himself to sleep. 孩子哭着哭着睡着了。

She convinced herself that it was so. 她说服自己情况是这样的。

He had a couple of revolvers with which to defend himself. 他只有一两把手枪用来自卫。

3. 用作表语

The poor boy was myself. 那个可怜的孩子就是我自己。

Just be yourself. 做你自己就好了。

Mary hasn't quite been herself recently. 玛丽近来感到不适。

The ones who really want it are ourselves. 真正想要它的是我们自己。

【说明】有时用于 be, feel, seem, look 等后作表语表示身体或精神处于正常状态:

I’m not quite myself these days. 我近来身体不大舒服。

I’ll be myself again in no time. 我过一会儿就会好的。

4. 用作主语。在现代英语中,反身代词一般不能独立用作主语,但是它却可以借助 and, or, nor 等连词与其他名词一起构成并列主语(且位于并列主语的后部),以及用于某些特殊结构(如as…as等):

My brother and myself went there yesterday. 昨天我兄弟和我一起去了那儿。

Jim’s sister and himself get up at six every day. 吉姆的妹妹和他每天6点起床。

He was as anxious as myself. 他和我一样担心。

注意编辑

·反身代词不能做主语,但可作主语同位语,放在主语后或句末。如:

我自己去了电影院。

错:Myself went to the cinema .

对:I went to the cinema myself.

·反身代词可以作宾语的同位语

You can go and ask John himself.翻译:你可以去问约翰本人。

·反身代词可以作介词的宾语。

by oneself 全靠自己;

say to oneself 自言自语。

She learnt swimming all by herself.

她是自学游泳的。

She said to herself,"Who am I?"

她自言自语的说:“我是谁?”

·反身代词作动词的宾语

enjoy oneself 玩得高兴;

help oneself (to) 随便用……;

hurt oneself 伤害自己;

反身代词

反身代词(2张)

teach oneself 自学;

get dressed oneself 自己穿衣

seat oneself 就坐

构成编辑

1、第一、二人称的反身代词是由形容词性物主代词加上-self或-selves(selves-是当形容词性物主代词为复数时才用的)构成的。如:I–myself we–ourselves you(单数)– yourself you(复数)– yourselves

2、第三人称的反身代词是由人称代词的宾格加上-self或-selves(selves-是当形容词性物主代词为复数时才用的)构成的。如:she–herself he –himself it–itself they–themselves one–oneself

例句编辑

1、查尔斯二十多岁的时候开始写作,很快就出名了

In his twenties, Charles began to write and soon became famous.

2、是我自己解决了所有的问题。

It is myself that solved all the problems.

3、我要穿暖和一点。

I want to dress myself warmly

4、谭舒萍最后一轮跳水入水时身体严重倾斜,她的反身翻腾二周半只得了25.20分。

Tan Shupjng's entry was Badly awry in the last round and she netted only 25.20 points from her reverse 2 1/2 somersaults.

 

四、不定代词

不定代词,简单说:不指明代替任何特定名词或形容词的代词; 

不定代词大都可以代替名词和形容词,在句中作主语、宾语、表语和定语.

常用不定代词有:

some(something,somebody,someone),any(anything,anybody,anyone), no(nothing,nobody,no one), every(everything,everybody,everyone),all,each,both,much,many,(a)little,(a)few,other(s),another,none,one,either, neither等。 一般来讲,修饰不定代词的词要置于其后。

由body,one,thing构成的合成代词:

somebody,anybody,everybody,nobody

someone,anyone,everyone,no one

something,anything,everything,nothing

作代词的限定词:

all,an,other,any,both,each,either

few,little,many,much,neither,none

other,some

还有不能兼作代词的限定词(形容词)(主要是every,no)。

用法编辑

不定代词大部分可以代替名词和形容词,在句中作主语、宾语、表语、定语和状语。

作主语

Both of them are teachers.他们两人都是教师。

做主语时谓语动词用单数

作宾语

I know nothing about this person.我对这个人一无所知。

作表语

This book is much too difficult for a child.这本书对一个小孩来说太难了。

作定语

There is a little water in the glass.玻璃杯里有一些水。

可以在强调一下a little,little,a few,few的区别:

a little通常带有肯定的意思,表示还有一点;而little带有否定的意思,只剩一点儿了。(little后通常加不可数名词)a few和few同上。(后通常加可数名词)

作状语

I can't find my book anywhere.我在任何地方都不能找到我的书。

这一句也可以表示成:

I can find my book nowhere.我在任何地方都不能找到我的书。

修饰不定代词的词,一般情况下要后置.

举例编辑

一般不定代词用法例子

1.some 一些,某些,某个

不定代词some可以代替名词和形容词,常用在肯定句中作主语(也可以在以would,may,can,could疑问词开头的句子做主语)、宾语、定语等。作定语时,它可以修饰可数名词(单、复数皆可)和不可数名词。例如:

some are doctors,some are nurses.有些人是医生,有些人是护士。(作主语)

2.any一些,任何

不定代词any可以代替名词和形容词,常用在否定句或疑问句中作主语、宾语、定语等。作定语时,它可以修饰可数名词(多为复数)和不可数名词。例如:

there isn’t any ink in my pen.我的钢笔没有墨水。(作定语)

不定代词any有时也可以用在肯定句中,表示"任何的"。例如:

you may come at any time;i’ll be home the whole day.你任何时候来都行,我整天都将呆在家里 。

不定代词any也可以用作副词,做状语,表示程度。例如:

is he any better today?他今天好一点了吗?

3.

all 全体,所有(指三者以上,包括三者)

不定代词all在句中可以作主语、宾语、表语、定语或同位语。它可以代表或修饰可数名词和不可数名词。代表或修饰可数名词时,指两个以上的人或物。作先行词时,引导词用that。例如:

All were present at the meeting.全都到会了。(作主语,代表可数名词)

4.both 全部,都

不定代词both指两个人或事物。和all一样,可以用作主语、宾语、定语或同位语。例如:

we invited both to come to our farm.我们邀请两个人都来我们的农场?(作宾语)

5.none 无人或无

不定代词none的含义和all物相反,和no one,not any同义,但其用法相当于名词,在句子中一般作主语或宾语。它代替不可数名词作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式;代替可数名词作主语时,谓语动词用单、复数皆可。例如:

none of the problems is /are easy to solve.这些问题没有一个是容易解决的。(作主语, 代替可数名词)

6.either 两者之中的任何一个,这个或那个。

不定代词 either 可以作主语、宾语和定语。例如:

either of them will agree to this arrangment.他们两人中会有人同意这样的安排的。(作主语)

7.neither 两者都不

不定代词 neither 是 either 的否定形式,可以作主语、宾语和定语。例如:

neither is interesting.两个都没有趣。(作主语)

8.each 每个,各自的

不定代词each指每一个人或事物的个别情况,甚至指这些个别情况各不相同。它在句中可以作主语、宾语、定语和同位语。例如:

she gave the children two apples each.她给了每个小孩两个苹果。(作the children的同位语。)

9.every 每个,每一的,一切的

不定代词every有"全体"的意思,和all的意义相近,但只能作定语。

I believe either method will work.(作定语)

10.neither 两个之中一个也不是不定代词neither是either的否定形式,可以作主语、宾语和定语.例如:

Neither is interesting.(作主语)

-Did you see Mary and Jack?

-No,I saw neither of them.(作宾语)

I think neither book is worth reading.(作定语)

注:a.不定代词neither表示"两个都不",所以汉语的"我俩都没去那儿"译成英语为"Neither of us went

there."而不能译成 "Both of us did not go there."后者意为"我俩没都去那儿".

b.肯定形式的动词+neither=否定形式的动词+either.例如:

I like neither of them.=I dont like either of them.

11.other 其他的,另外的不定代词other相当于名词或形容词,可以在句中作主语、宾语、定语等.相当于名词时,有复数形式

others,还有所有格形式 others 和others.不定代词 other之前常用冠词 the.例如:

He has two daughters .One is a teacher,the other is a nurse.(作主语)

Some will go swimming,others will go shopping.(作主语)

I have two pictures of the Great Wall here.You have seen one.Now

Ill show you the other .(作宾语)

There are other ways of helping him out of difficulty.(作定语)

12.another

另一个,又一个another是由an和other合并构成,因此,它只能代替或修饰可数的单数名词,前面不再用冠词.不定代词another可以在句中作主语、宾语、表语和定语.例如:

One is blind,another is deaf,and a third is lame.(作主语)

This shirt is too small for me.Please show me another .(作宾语)

She is a fool,and her husband is another.(作表语)

Would you like another cup of milk?(作定语)

You will have to stay here for another five days.(作定语,five

days形式上是复数,但意义上是单数,可以和another连用)

13.one

1)不定代词one指不定人称,表示人,译为"人","一个人"等.它有反身代词oneself和所有格形式ones.

2)不定代词one也可以用来代替前面出现过的可数名词,以免重复.它有复数形式ones,可以与冠词连用,可以有自己的定语.

不定代词one可以在句中作主语或宾语;ones只能作定语.例如:

One has to do ones best.(one 作主语,ones作定语.)

Please give me the book,the one on the desk.(one作宾语)

14.none of 没有一个

作主语时谓语动词可单可双

15.(a)few (a)little(几乎没有)有一些

(a)few+可数 复数 few (指几乎没有,含否定意味)+可数

(a)little+不可数 little(指几乎没有,含否定意味)+不可数

复合不定代词

1.some, any, every, no都能和one, body, thing一起构成代词,这些代词叫复合不定代词。它们基本含义为:

人 somebody

someone 某人

anybody 、anyone :任何人

everybody 、everyone:每人

nobody 、no one :没人

指物 Something某物某事 anything任何事物 everything一切 nothing没东西

2. 一般情况下,some构成的复合不定代词,其作用和some相同,用于肯定句;any构成的复合不定代词用于否定句或疑问句;no构成的复合不定代词表示否定含义,用于否定句。如:

① I have something to tell you. 我有事要告诉你。

② He didn’t say anything at the meeting yesterday. 昨天在会上他没发言。

③ Everybody likes swimming. 每个人都喜欢游泳。

④ There is nothing wrong with your ears.

你耳朵没毛病。

3. something可用于提建议或请求的问句中,以及希望说话对方作出肯定回答的问句中。如:

Would you like something to eat? 你要吃点东西吗?

4. 复合不定代词在句子中作主语时,谓语动词一般用单数形式。如:

Nobody knows his name. 没有人知道他的名字。

5. 不定代词的定语要后置。如:

Is there anything important in today’s newspaper? 今天的报纸上有什么重要新闻吗?

一般的,不定代词(包括复合不定代词)在句子中,通常用第三人称单数形式

6。复合不定代词的否定。

1、“not every-”表示的是部分否定,意为“并非都,不都”。例如:

Not everything will go well. 并非一切都会那么顺利。

The teacher didn’t call everyone’s name. 老师并没有点所有人的名。

2、“not any-”和no-均表示全否定。例如:

He listened, but heard nothing.他听了听,但什么也没听到。

= He listened, but didn’t hear anything.

You haven’t called anyone/anybody up, have you? 你没给谁打过电话,是吗?

= You have called no one/nobody up, have you?

1.不定式是英语动词的一种形式。它在许多情况下可省略"to",它不同于汉语动词,汉语动词只有一种形式。如:我看书。她看书。但英语要说“看”必须根据主语的人称,动作发生的时间等确定其形式。如:1)I read a book. 2)She reads a book.1)句中的“read”

是一般现在时第一人称的动词定式。2)句中的“reads”是一般现在时第三人称单数的动词定式。

I want to read a book./She wants to read a book.

我想要看书。她想要看书。其中的“看”不易确定其形式。因为动作还未发生,因此称不定式。通俗的说,就是“不一定是什么形式”

2.不定代词是不指明代替任何特定名词或形容词的代词,英语中不定代词有:some(something,somebody,someone),any(anything,anybody,anyone), no(nothing,nobody,no one), every(everything,everybody,everyone),all,each,both,much,many,(a)little,(a)few,other(s),another,none,one,either, neither等。

1) 陈述部分的主语是I,疑问部分要用 aren't I.

I'm as tall as your sister,aren't I?

2) 陈述部分的谓语是wish,疑问部分要用may +主语。

I wish to have a word with you, may I?

3) 陈述部分用 no, nothing, nobody, never, few, seldom, hardly, rarely, little等否定含义的词时,疑问部分用肯定含义。

The Swede made no answer, did he / she?

Some plants never blown (开花), do they ?

4) 含有ought to 的反意疑问句,陈述部分是肯定的,疑问部分用shouldn't / oughtn't +主语。

He ought to know what to do, oughtn't he? / shouldn't he?

5) 陈述部分有have to +v. (had to + v.),疑问部分常用don't +主语(didn't +主语)。

We have to get there at eight tomorrow, don't we?

6) 陈述部分的谓语是used to 时,疑问部分用didn't +主语或 usedn't +主语。

He used to take pictures there, didn't he? / usedn't he?

7) 陈述部分有had better + v. 疑问句部分用hadn't you?

You'd better read it by yourself, hadn't you?

8) 陈述部分有would rather +v.,疑问部分多用 wouldn't +主语。

He would rather read it ten times than recite it, wouldn't he?

9) 陈述部分有You'd like to +v. 疑问部分用wouldn't +主语。

You'd like to go with me, wouldn't you?

10) 陈述部分有must 的疑问句,疑问部分根据实际情况而定。

He must be a doctor, isn't he?

You must have studied English for three years, haven't you? / didn't you?

He must have finished it yesterday, didn't he?

11)感叹句中,疑问部分用be +主语。

What colours, aren't they?

What a smell, isn't it?

12) 陈述部分由neither… nor, either… or 连接的并列主语时,疑问部分根据其实际逻辑意义而定。

Neither you nor I am engineer, are we?

13) 陈述部分主语是指示代词或不定代词everything, that, nothing, this, 疑问部分主语用it。

Everything is ready, isn't it?

14) 陈述部分为主语从句或并列复合句,疑问部分有三种情况:

a. 并列复合句疑问部分,谓语动词根据邻近从句的谓语而定。

Mr. Smith had been to Beijing for several times, he should have been in China now, shouldn't he?

b. 带有定语从句,宾语从句的主从复合句,疑问部分谓语根据主句的谓语而定:

He is not the man who gave us a talk, is he?

He said he wanted to visit Japan, didn't he?

c. 上述部分主句谓语是think, believe, expect, suppose, imagine等引导的定语从句,疑问部分与宾语从句相对应构成反意疑问句。

I don't think he is bright, is he?

We believe she can do it better, can't she?

15) 陈述部分主语是不定代词everybody, anyone, somebody, nobody, no one等,疑问部分常用复数they,有时也用单数he。

This is our new headmaster, isn’t it?

Those are Japanese, aren’t they?

One should be ready to help others, shouldn’t one?

One can’t be too careful, can you?

Each of the students has a dictionary, hasn’t he?

Each of the students passed the examination, didn’t they?

None of his money is left, is it?

None of his friends are interested, are they?

None of his friends has come, has he?

Something will have to be done about the price, won’t it?

Everybody is kind to you, aren’t they?

No one left here yesterday, did they?

Someone turned that radio down, don’t they?

Neither side could win, could they?

Everything that he says is false, isn’t it?

I am older than you, aren’t I / ain’t I?

I am working now, ain’t I / am I not?

I wish to see the movie now, may I?

I wish I were you, may I?

16) 带情态动词dare或need的反意疑问句,疑问部分常用 need (dare ) +主语。

We need not do it again, need we ?

He dare not say so, dare you?

当dare, need 为实义动词时,疑问部分用助动词do + 主语。

She doesn't dare to go home alone, does she?

17) 省去主语的祈使句的反意疑问句,疑问部分用will you。

Don't do that again, will you?

Go with me, will you / won't you ?

注意: Let's 开头的祈使句,后用shall we?

Let us 开头的祈使句,后用will you?

Let's go and listen to the music, shall we?

Let us wait for you in the reading-room, will you ?

18) 陈述部分是"there be"结构的,疑问部分用there省略主语代词。

There is something wrong with your watch, isn't there?

There will not be any trouble, will there?

19)否定前缀不能视为否定词,其反意疑问句仍用否定形式。

It is impossible, isn't it?

He is not unkind to his classmates, is he?

20) must在表"推测"时,根据其推测的情况来确定反意疑问句。

He must be there now, isn't he?

It must be going to rain tomorrow, won't it?

快速记忆表

陈述部分的谓语 疑问部分

I aren't I

Wish may +主语

no,nothing,nobody,never,

few, seldom, hardly, 肯定含义

rarely, little等否定

含义的词

ought to(肯定的) shouldn't/ oughtn't +主语

have to+v.(had to+v.) don't +主语(didn't +主语)

used to didn't +主语或 usedn't +主语

had better + v. hadn't you

would rather + v. wouldn't +主语

you'd like to + v. wouldn't +主语

must 根据实际情况而定

感叹句中 be +主语

Neither…nor,

either…or 连接的根 据其实际逻辑意义而定

并列主语

指示代词或不定代词

everything,that, 主语用it

nothing,this

并列复合句 谓语根据邻近从句的谓语而定

定语从句,宾语从句的

主从复合句 根据主句的谓语而定

think,believe,expect,

suppose,imagine等引导 与宾语从句相对应的从句

everybody,anyone,

somebody,nobody,no one 复数they,单数he

情态动词dare或need need (dare ) +主语

dare, need 为实义动词do +主语

省去主语的祈使句will you?

Let's 开头的祈使句Shall we?

Let us 开头的祈使句Will you?

there be 相应的谓语动词+there(省略主语代词)

否定前缀不能视为否定词 仍用否定形式

不定代词做主语谓语动词用单数

must表"推测" 根据其推测的情况来确定反意疑问句[1]

习题编辑

题目(第一阶段)

1.I have two pens . One is red , is blue . A. the other B. others C. other D. another

2. There wrong with my radio .

A. are something B. are anything C. is anything D. is something

3. I’m not busy . I haven’t to do .

A. something B. everything C. nothing D. anything

4. His parents are doctors . A. each B. all C. both D. no one

5. Of the three foreign friends , one is from London, two are from New York .

A. other B. the other C. others D. the others

6. Mary wanted to have a word with Tom . She had to tell him .

A. important something B. nothing important C. anything important D. something important

7. There wrong with the machine .

A. aren’t something B. aren’t anything C. isn’t something D. isn’t anything

8. My parents and I are interested in music . A. both B. all C. neither D. no

9. Look at those students . Some are cleaning the window , are sweeping the floor . A. the other B. other C. others D. the others

10. You may keep the book for two weeks , but you mustn’t lend it to . A. other B. others C. the others D. the others

11. I study Chinese , English and some subjects . A. other B. the other C. others D. the others 12. Do they often talk to each in English ? A. others B. the other C. Other D. the others

13. Would you like milk ? A. some B. any C. little D. a few

14. Mary sings better than of he girls in her classroom . She sings best . A. some B. any C. most D. one

15. All the students had gone out . There was in the classroom . A. somebody B. anybody C. nobody D. everybody

16. Now , is here . Let’s begin our meeting . A. Anybody B. Everybody C. Nobody D. Anybody

17. has taken my pencil by mistake . I can’t find it . A. Somebody B. Everybody C. Nobody D. everybody

18. Did they find in the garden ? No , they found there .

A. anybody , nobody B. somebody , everybody C. anybody , somebody D. everybody ,

anybody

19. She made mistakes in her exercises . A. any B. another C. no D. one

20. There are fifty pupils in their class . of them are League members .

A. Both B. Either C. All D. No one

21.The students have on Sunday .

A. no any class B. not class C. no classes D. no any class

22. There isn’t on playground .

A. anyone B. everyone C. nobody D. any people

23. If you need a rubber , I’ll lend you . A. some B. one C. another D. the one

24. We have books to read . A. many B. much C. a lot D. any

25. We study Chinese , English and some subjects . A. other B. others C. the other D. the others

26. is here today except Li Ping .

A. Anybody B. Everybody C. Somebody D. Nobody

27. Is there in the library ? Yes, is in .

A. somebody , anybody B. anybody , nobody C. anybody , somebody D. anybody , everybody

28. I was too tired to do work . A. some B. any C. each D. either

29. I don’t like this one . Would you please show me one . A. other B. the other C. another D. others 30. Mike is stronger than in his class .

A. any boys B. any boy C. any other boy D. other boy

31. The farmers are very glad to have apple harvest . A. other B. the other C. another D. others

32. of the books is yours . They are mine . A. Both B. Either C. All D. Neither

33. He is lazy .He never does work . A. many B. no C. some D. any

34. I invited Tom and Ann to dinner , but of them came . A. neither B. both C. either D. none

35. He is busy . He has got work to do . A. some B. any C. no D. a few

36. Would you like some wine ? Yes . Just . A. little B. very little C. a little D. little bit

37. Is here? No, Bob and Tim have asked for leave. A. anybody B. somebody C. everybody D. nobody 38. The days in summer are longer than in winter . A. that B. one C. those D. these

39. If you want a ticket for a round-trip, sir, you’ll have to pay $80. A. another B. other C. others D. the other

参考答案(第一阶段)

1—5 ADDCB 6—10 DDBCB 11—15 ACABC 16—20 BAACC 21—25 CABAA 26—30 BCBCC 31—35 CDDAA 36—39 CCCA

题目(第二阶段)

不定代词

1. I have two pens . One is red , is blue .

A. the other B. others C. other D. another

2. There wrong with my radio .

A. are something B. are anything C. is anything D. is something

3. I’m not busy . I haven’t to do .

A. something B. everything C. nothing D. anything

4. His parents are doctors .

A. each B. all C. both D. no one

5. Of the three foreign friends , one is from London,

two are from New York .

A.other B. the other C. others D. the others

6. Mary wanted to have a word with Tom . She had

to tell him .

A.important something B. nothing important C. anything important D. something important

7. There wrong with the machine .

A. aren’t something B. aren’t anything C. isn’t something D. isn’t anything

8. My parents and I are interested in music .

A. both B. all C. neither D. no

9. Look at those students . Some are cleaning the window , are sweeping the floor .

A. the other B. other C. others D. the others

10. You may keep the book for two weeks , but you mustn’t lend it to .

A. other B. others C. the others D. the others

11. I study Chinese , English and some subjects .

A. other B. the other C. others D. the others

12. Do they often talk to each in English ?

A. others B. the other C. Other D. the others

13. Would you like milk ?

A. some B. any C. little D. a few

14. Mary sings better than of he girls in her classroom . She sings best .

A. some B. any C. most D. one

15. All the students had gone out . There was in the classroom .

A. somebody B. anybody C. nobody D. everybody

16. Now , is here . Let’s begin our meeting .

A. Anybody B. Everybody C. Nobody D. Anybody

17. has taken my pencil by mistake . I can’t find it .

A. Somebody B. Everybody C. Nobody D. everybody

18. Did they find in the garden ? No , they found

there .

A.anybody , nobody B. somebody , everybody C. anybody , somebody D. everybody , anybody

19. She made mistakes in her exercises .

A. any B. another C. no D. one

20. There are fifty pupils in their class . of them are League members .

A. Both B. Either C. All D. No one

21.The students have on Sunday .

A. no any class B. not class C. no classes D. no any class

22. There isn’t on playground .

A. anyone B. everyone C. nobody D. any people

23. If you need a rubber , I’ll lend you .

A. some B. one C. another D. the one

24. We have books to read .

A. many B. much C. a lot D. any

25. We study Chinese , English and some subjects .

A. other B. others C. the other D. the others

26. is here today except Li Ping .

A. Anybody B. Everybody C. Somebody D. Nobody

27. Is there in the library ? Yes, is in .

A. somebody , anybody B. anybody , nobody C. anybody , somebody D. anybody , everybody

28. I was too tired to do work .

A. some B. any C. each D. either

29. I don’tlike this one . Would you please show me one .

A. other B. the other C. another D. others

30. Mike is stronger than in his class .

A. any boys B. any boy C. any other boy D. other boy

31. The farmers are very glad to have apple harvest .

A. other B. the other C. another D. others

32. of the books is yours . They are mine .

A. Both B. Either C. All D. Neither

33. He is lazy .He never does work .

A. many B. no C. some D. any

34. I invited Tom and Ann to dinner , but of them came .

A. neither B. both C. either D. none

35. He is busy . He has got work to do .

A. some B. any C. no D. a few

36. Would you like some wine ? Yes . Just .

A. little B. very little C. a little D. little bit

37. Is here? No, Bob and Tim have asked for leave.

A. anybody B. somebody C. everybody D. nobody

38. The days in summer are longer than in winter .

A. that B. one C. those D. these

39. If you want a ticket for a round-trip, sir, you’ll have to pay $80.

A. another B. other C. others D. the other

参考答案

01—5 ADDCB 6—10 DDBCB

11—15 ACABC 16—20 BAACC

21—25 CABAA 26—30 BCBCC

31—35 CDDAA 36—39 CCCA

 

 

五、疑问代词的用法

1.疑问代词即指who, whom, whose, which, what等用于引出特殊疑问句的代词。它们在句中可用作主语、表语、宾语、定语等。如:What are you worrying about? 你为什么事烦恼?注:who 和 whom 只用作主语、宾语和表语,不用作定语;what, which, whose 则既可用作主语、宾语和表语,也可用作定语。

2.what与 which的用法区别:当选择的范围较明确时,用 which;当选择的范围不明确时,用what。如:Which color do you like, red, black or white? 红色、黑色和白色,你喜欢哪种?

六、关系代词的用法

关系代词用于引导定语从句,主要的有 that, who, whom, whose, which, as 等。其中who, whom只用于指人,which, as 只用于指物,whose, that 既可于指人也可指物。关系代词在定语从句主要用作主语、宾语、表语或定语。

七、连接代词的用法

1.连接代词主要包括who, whom, what, which, whose, whoever, whatever, whichever, whosever等,它们在句中可用作主语、宾语、表语、定语等(但who, whom, whoever 等不用于名词前作定语),主要用于引导主语从句、宾语从句和表语从句等。如:The question is who can help us. 问题是谁能帮助我们。

2. whatever, whoever与whichever的用法:它们可用于引导主语从句和宾语从句,也可用于引导让步状语从句。如:Whoever you are, you can’t enter. 不管你是谁,都不能进去。

八、相互代词的用法

英语的相互代词只有each other和one another,它们在句中通常只用作宾语,不能用作主语或状语等。如:Students should help one another. 学生应该互相帮助。注:相互代词可以有所有格形式(each other’s, one another’s)。如:They often stay in one another’s house. 他们常常在彼此的家里住。另外,有人认为 each other用于两者,one another用于三者,但在现代英语中它们常可换用(即均可用于两者或三者)。

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