爱梦语法课:形容词短语

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有时候一些组合被当作形容词一样使用。Sometimes a group of words does the work of an adjective.

看下面的例子:Study the following examples.

  • The mayor was a wealthy man.
  • The mayor was a man of great wealth.

句1中,形容词wealthy说明the mayor的类型;名2中,of great wealth也表达同样意义,像形容词wealth一样修饰了名词man。像这样的组合我们可以把称之为形容词性短语。 In sentence 1, the adjective wealthy says what sort of man the mayor was. In sentence 2, the group of words ‘of great wealth’ also says the same thing. It qualifies the noun man as an adjective does. It, therefore, does the work of an adjective and is called an adjective phrase.

释义 Definition

形容词短语是指像形容词一样使用的一组单词 An adjective phrase is a group of words that does the work of an adjective.

  • The magistrate was a kind man. (Here the adjective kind modifies the noun man.)
  • The magistrate was a man with a kind heart. (Here the adjective phrase ‘with a kind heart’ modifies the noun man.)
  • They lived in a stone house.
  • They lived in a house built of stone.
  • The workers belonged to a hill tribe.
  • The workers belonged to a tribe dwelling in the hills.

研究以下形容词和与其等同的形容词短语。Study the following adjectives and the adjective phrases that are equivalent to them.

  • A golden necklace – a necklace made of gold
  • A white coat – a coat of white color
  • A jungle track – a track through the jungle
  • A deserted city – a city with no inhabitants
  • The French flag – the flag of France
  • A wooden hut – a hut built of wood
  • A blank page – a page with no writing on it

中考中必须掌握的形容词短语主要是:

1、of + 抽象名词,[rml_read_more]相当于对应的形容词。在句中可作表语、定语、补语。在抽象名词(如use, value, help, importance, difference等)前面可用little, some, any, no, great, not much 等修饰;有的可用同根形容词代替,如:

  • It’s of no practical use to me. 这对我没什么实际用途。
  • The work I am doing is not of much value. 我做的工作没有多大价值。[rihide]
  • She felt that most of what she learned in the course was of no practical use. 她感到她在课上学到的大部分知识都没有实际用途。
  • Today’s elections are of no great importance in themselves. 今天的选举本身并不是很重要。
  • The economics of national growth are of the greatest importance to all modern governments. 国民经济增长的情况对所有现代政府至关重要。

2、由被动语态的定语从句简化而来的用法。

They set up a new band named after a star. 他们成立了一个以一个明星命名的乐队。[/rihide]

这个句子中named after a star, 可以看成是定语从句which is named after a star省略而来。

 

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