爱梦语法课:什么是形容词?

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An adjective is a word like kind, happy, smart and intelligent. An adjective typically modifies a noun and denotes a temporary or permanent quality associated with that noun. For example, a smart boy is a boy who is distinguished from other boys by being smart.

形容词是一个像kind, happy, smart和intelligent一样的词。 形容词通常修饰名词,并表示与该名词相关的临时或永久特性。例如,a smart boy is a boy who is distinguished from other boys by being smart.

Not all adjectives are used to denote a quality associated with a noun. For example, the adjective mere in ‘a mere child’ does not denote a quality of the child.

并非所有形容词都用来表示与名词相关的特性。例如,“a mere child”中的形容词“mere”并不表示孩子的特性。

Kinds of adjectives 形容词的各类

Adjectives may be divided into the following classes: 形容词可以分为以下几类:

Adjectives of quality  特征[rml_read_more]

Adjectives of quality refer to the kind or quality of a person or thing. They answer the question: ‘of what kind?’

质量形容词是指人或事物的种类或质量。他们回答了这个问题:‘哪种?’

  • Tokyo is a large city. (Here the adjective large shows a certain quality associated with the city Tokyo.)
  • Alice is a brilliant student. (Here the adjective brilliant shows a quality associated with the noun Alice.)

Note that adjectives formed from proper nouns are generally considered as adjectives of quality. Examples are Persian carpets, French wines, etc.

注意,由专有名词形成的形容词通常被认为是特征形容词。例如:Persian carpets, French wines等。

Adjectives of quantity 量

Adjectives of quantity answer the question ‘how much?’. Examples are some, any, much, little, enough, all, no, half, whole etc.

表示量的形容词回答how much。

  • We need some rice.
  • You have little patience.
  • He has lost all his wealth.
  • He did not eat any rice.

Adjectives of number 数 [rihide]

Adjectives of number answer the question ‘how many’. Examples are many, one, two, first, tenth, all etc.

表示数的形容词回答how many。

  • Each hand has five fingers.
  • Sunday is the first day of the week.
  • All men must die.
  • There are several mistakes in your essay.

Demonstrative adjectives  说明性

Demonstrative adjectives answer the question ‘which?’. Examples are: this, that, these, those and such.

说明性形容词回答which。

  • That boy is industrious.
  • This bag is made of expensive leather.
  • Those mangoes were very sweet.
  • I hate such people.

Note that this and that are used with singular nouns. These and those are used with plural nouns.

Interrogative adjectives 疑问词

When they are used with nouns to ask questions, the questions words what, which and whose are called interrogative adjectives.

当它们与名词一起使用来提问时,疑问词“what”和“what”被称为疑问形容词。 [/rihide]

  • Whose bag is this?
  • Which way shall we go?
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